Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to metabolize sugar (glucose) in its cells and use it for energy. This leads to the accumulation of excess sugar in the blood.
Diabetes is a common disease that can have serious consequences. There are two different types of disease, type one and type two.
In the first type, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, meaning that the body is unable to produce insulin.
As for the second type, which is more common, it occurs when the body is not able to produce enough insulin, or when the body’s cells do not interact with insulin.
If left untreated, it can cause a number of different health problems due to the fact that large amounts of glucose damage blood vessels, nerves, and organs.
Diabetes has been called the “silent killer” because many people with it don’t realize it because it often doesn’t show early symptoms.
Some of the main signs of diabetes that can be seen in both types of the disease include feeling thirsty, urinating more often than usual, especially at night, feeling very tired, and losing weight and muscle mass.
Although these are the most well-known symptoms of diabetes, there are other “surprising” signs that can be seen in people with diabetes, namely:
1. Itching problems
One of the unexpected signs is genital itching or thrush.
Yeast infections can be common in diabetics because sugar promotes candida growth.
And the NHS says people with poorly controlled diabetes can suffer from the condition.
Often this is because high blood sugar also means high sugar levels in other parts of the body such as sweat, saliva and urine.
The yeast can then overgrow, which means that patients develop thrush.
2. Wounds and ulcers
Often, if you have diabetes, your immune system may be unable to control skin wounds and infections, say health experts at Health Partners Clinic in Bloomington, Indiana.
“High blood sugar levels can alter blood chemistry, lowering the body’s defenses and slowing down the immune system,” they added.
This, in turn, means that cuts and sores will take longer to heal, they say.
For many diabetics, this often results in leg ulcers, and your doctor will be able to help you treat them.
3. Blurred eye
Blurry vision is also a common symptom in people with diabetes. Experts at John Hopkins Medicine said diabetes can damage the macula (or macula), the center of the retina that provides direct vision.
And if you have uncontrolled diabetes, you may have leaky blood vessels, which can lead to blurry or distorted vision.
4. Skin diseases
Skin conditions are common in diabetics due to high blood sugar, which affects blood vessels and nerves.
Acanthosis nigricans (AN) most commonly occurs in people before diagnosis and is a pathological condition characterized by the presence of dark, thick, and velvety areas in body folds and wrinkles. It mainly affects the armpits, groin and neck.
5. Hair loss
One of the “unexpected” symptoms of diabetes can be hair loss, says Barbie Cervone, a registered dietitian, diabetes specialist and educator.
She explained via VeryWell, “Hair loss is often associated with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It is believed that certain problems caused by diabetes can lead to hair loss, including an immune system disorder called alopecia areata, poor circulation, and high blood pressure. .blood sugar level”.