After the tripartite mechanism (UN, African Union and IGAD) in Sudan expressed the hope that the consultations between the civilian and military components would be concluded within two weeks, some conditions required by the army leaders began to appear, in order to accept the draft transitional constitution proposed by the Bar Association of the country .
Informed sources revealed that the military has asked for consent on a head of civil status representing the Sovereignty Council and the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, instead of an “extended sovereignty council”.
According to the newspaper Asharq Al-Awsat, it also envisaged that the draft constitution stipulates that the “rapid support” forces become part of the army, clarifying the practical steps for their integration into the armed forces.
The military also opposed the constitutional provisions relating to “transitional justice”, deeming it condemnable, but did not ask, according to the sources, for assurances because “their presence in the military institution guarantees them immunity.”
Constitution of Lawyers
The sources state that the mechanism, after receiving the military’s observations, will begin to design the process of the negotiation phases, during which the military’s observations will be transmitted to the civilian party to express an opinion, and then return to the military with the observations of the civil, until an acceptable consensus is reached on all controversial issues, in direct or indirect negotiations, directly, to present it at the conclusion of the process to the rest of the parties.
It is interesting to note that in recent weeks there has been a climate of optimism about the imminence of a solution after more than a year of political impasse that controlled the country, expressed by United Nations envoy Volker Peretz, as well as by the head of the Council of sovereignty and the commander of the armed forces, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, despite some statements The contradiction issued by some poles of the Forces for Freedom and Change, the main component of the civil opposition.
Sudan, which is one of the poorest countries in the world, has been bogged down since October 25, 2021, when the army imposed exceptional measures and dissolved the previous government. in political and economic stagnation, despite all international efforts to initiate dialogue sessions that lead to a solution between civilians and military.
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