The Artemis mission, which is the first human mission to land on the moon in nearly 50 years, is expected to start as early as 2025 and this will be the first manned moon landing since the last Apollo missions in 1972. NASA has promised to bring humans back to the surface of the Earth Moon, this is the first human exploration program in the deep space from the Apollo survival mission, but unlike the Apollo, the Artemis mission is designed to create a permanent presence on and around the moon.
NASA officials said they chose landing sites using data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, an automated spacecraft that has been mapping the lunar surface since 2009, as well as other studies on the moon.
“Choosing these regions means we are facing a giant leap in forward towards the return of humans to the moon for the first time since the Apollo flight, “he explained in a noted Mark Kerasich, NASA’s deputy associate administrator for Artemis’ flight development department. Unlike any upcoming mission, astronauts venture to explore dark regions previously unknown to humans and lay the groundwork for future long-term stays. “
NASA has already announced that it will return to the lunar south pole, but said the specific locations, all within a range of six degrees of latitude from the south pole, were chosen because they provide safe landing sites close enough to permanently shade areas for allow the crew to walk on the moon there as part of the Six and a Half Days on the Moon. This would allow astronauts to “collect samples and conduct scientific analysis in aarea uncompromising, providing important information on the depth, distribution and composition of water ice that has been confirmed at the lunar south pole, “said NASA. Mike Sarafin, head of NASA’s Artemis mission, revealed that one of the main objectives of the flight is to test Orion’s heat shield.The mission will follow a flight of four astronauts in orbits the moon, but not landed as soon as 2024, and a human landing, the first since the last Apollo missions in 1972, is now slated for 2025.