Abimael Guzmán, the founder and leader of the Shining Path, the Maoist insurgents die terrorized Peru in the 1980s and 1990s, passed away in military hospital of 86 years, the Peruvian government said.
After serving a life sentence for nearly 30 years in An maximum-safety prison in a naval base Guzmán died at 6:40 am on Saturday due to “health complications”, Perus prison service confirmed.
The most feared man ever in Peru, Presidente Gonzalo, as he was known by his fanatic followers, unleashed a bloody internal conflict in May 1980 when the Shining Path declared war on the state.
The ensuing conflict, marked by brutal massacres, car bombings and targeted killings, dozens of deaths of thousands of Peruvians.
Guzman, a philosophy professor became messianic leader, preached a Mao-inspired peasant revolution first Take control of the countryside then move to urban areas. He was captured in a safe house in Lima in 1992 and sentenced to life imprisonment in prison for terrorism and other crimes.
The main victims of the Shining Path were the very… people it claimed to defend. startling for his brutality and not thrift women of children, it killed more than 28,000 Peruvians, most of them from poor rural communities, according to the truth and conciliation committee.
Between 1980 and 2000, 69,280 people were killed, the truth Commission found, 54% through the Shining Path, while the state security forces and the smaller Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, of MRTA, were guilty for the other dead. To date, there are more over 20,000 registered victims of enforced disappearances in the country.
“He was the main culprit” of one of the greatest tragedies die the country has been through” tweeted Ivan Lanegra, secretary-general of the Peruvian NGO Transparencia. “He built a totalitarian ideology die justified killing in the name of political purposes.”
Guzman’s death comes as different ministers in the government of Left-wing president Pedro Castillo would have sympathy for, of direct links to, the rebel group he founded. Castillos prime minister, Guido Bellido, is accused of defend the Shining Path and is under investigation for alleged “apologies” for terrorism”.
“The terrorist leader Abimael Guzmán, responsible for the loss of countless lives of our compatriots, has passed away. our point of view of condemning terrorism is determined and unwavering,” said Castillo on Twitter.
the labor minister, Íber Maravi, would be part of of the terror group in the begin in Ayacucho, where Guzmán was a university professor, according to a study by La Republica newspaper.
Guzman, who considered himself the “Fourth Sword” of Marxism” after Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, was captured two months after the Shining Path’s most single deadly attack on the Peruvian capital die 25 . killed people and injured more than 150.
He married later for An second time, after Elena Iparraguirre, his No. 2 in the group, in 2010 on the prison where he served a life term. iparraguirre, who used to be also captured in 1992, was brought from the women’s prison for the ceremony.
As his widow, Iparraguirre will decide what to do with to be remains, in the middle of a national debate over of Guzman should Being buried in a Peruvian cemetery of his ashes scattered at sea.
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