Parts in war in the bloody two-year conflict in the Tigray region in Ethiopia agreed on truce, African Union mediator announced Wednesday after marathon talks in South Africa.
The special mediator, former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, said that “the two sides of the Ethiopian conflict have formally agreed on a systematic, orderly, regular and coordinated cessation of hostilities and disarmament”.
The African Union also welcomed “the beginning of a new era for Ethiopia”.
The Addis Ababa government and the Tigray rebels agreed in mid-October on the African Union’s call for pace under the aegis of a troika of negotiators, after almost two years of bloody war in the north of the country.
Interviews in South Africa
Subsequently, the two sides were invited to hold talks in South Africa, according to a letter written by African Union president Moussa Faki Mahamat.
A diplomatic source said the African Union-led talks were mediated by a “troika of negotiators” which includes African Union High Representative for the Horn of Africa Olusegun Obasanjo and former Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta. .
Disagreement on the mediator
Parts in war were in precedence in disagreement over who should mediate the negotiations, with Abiy Ahmed’s government lobbying for Obasanjo and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front who wanted Kenyatta to mediate in the negotiations.
They also challenged the restoration of basic services such as electricity, telecommunications and banking in Tigray, a key precondition for dialogue according to the Tigray rebels.
The region of six million people is facing a severe shortage of food, fuel, medicine and other emergency supplies, with the United Nations World Food Program warning of high rates of malnutrition.
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