The last three mountain glaciers in Africa is retreating so fast pace that they could disappear within two decades, a symbol of the wider devastation die is caused by climate change on the continent, according to An new UN report.
While African countries less than 4 . pitch in percent of global emission of greenhouse gasses, the report of the World Meteorological Organization and other agencies underlined the enormous impact die changes in the climate has on the continent’s 1.3 billion people as floods get worse, droughts last longer and temperatures stay rise.
“The rapid shrinking of the last remaining glaciers in East Africa, die expected to melt completely in the near future, signals the threat of imminent and irreversible earth change system”, the World Meteorological Organization secretary general, Petteri Taalas, said in a foreword to the report.
The climate in Africa in 2020 was marked by “sustained warming temperatures, sea level acceleration” rise, extreme weather and climate events, such as floods, landslides and droughts, and their devastating consequences,” he says added in presented the report in deposit of the UN Climate Change Conference in Scotland starting on 31 Oct.
The loss of the glaciers – icy expanse high above the steaming tropics die have been objects for a long time of wonder and fascination — is a physical manifestation of the change in The Earth’s Climate. Found it on Kilimanjaro mountain in Tanzania, Mount Kenya in Kenya and the Rwenzori Mountains bordering Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the glaciers have been in refuge for year.
The report paints a chilling picture of both the consequences so far and the consequences die will follow if urgent action is not taken. By 2030, up up to 118 million people living on less than $1.90 a day “exposed to drought, flooding and extremes” heat in Africa if adequate response measures are not taken in place,” it said.
It warned that the daily struggle of families to find food would grow more difficult as the effects of protracted conflicts, political instability, climate variability, plague outbreaks and economic crises — exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic — would converge.
Like David Beasley, head of the United Nations World Food Programme, said recently: “This is a area of the world die nothing contributed to climate change, but now they are the ones die pay the costs highest price.”
In the East African Island Nation of Madagascar, for the United Nations, for example, already warned that the world is witnessing his first “climate famine.” Thousands are currently to experience catastrophic food shortages and more then half a million people to be one step away from starvation, according to the global organization. About 800,000 more are with risk of joining them.
Around the world, climate-related disasters now force more then twice as much as people of their homes as war and armed conflict do. In the first six months of 2020, the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, a non-governmental data service, registered 14.6 million new displacements over 127 countries and territories. Responsible conflict and violence for about 4.8 million, with disasters die 9.8 million cause.
East Africa, according to the report, accounted for for about 12 percent of die displacements — with conflict that some 500,000 . forces people of their homes and climate disasters die affect another 1.2 million people.
melting of the African glaciers have repeated similar trends on met ice covered tops in places as far as Peru and Tibet, and it offers one of the clearest signs that a global warming trend in the last 50 years has exceeded typical climate change.
Now that the ice has melted, temperatures have continued to rise rise.
“The 30-year warming trend for 1991-2020 was higher then for the period 1961-1990 in all African sub-regions and significant higher than the trend for 1931-1960,” the report said. “If this continues, it will lead until total deglaciation by the 2040s,” it warned.
the glacier on Mount Kenya — where snow once covered the summit, some 17,000 feet above sea level — is expected to be gone a decade earlier, which would make it, the report said, “one of the first entire mountain ranges to lose glaciers due to human-induced climate change.”
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