LISBON, Portugal (AP) — In the 20 years since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in the United States, a mixture of Homegrown extremists, geography and weaknesses in counter-terrorism strategies together have made Europe a prime target for jihadists bent on hurt the West.
Europe looked met open mouth how the attacks of 9/11 unfolded over the Atlantic unfolded. Life on the Old Continent would also be transformed as a result events, with hundreds of people killed and thousands wounded by the hands of Islamic extremists in the following years.
Since 9/11, Europe has witnessed many more jihadist attacks on its bottom than the United States. Why? a variety of reasons, analysts say.
About the past decade of so, “what we’ve seen” in Western Europe is an unprecedented jihadist mobilization,” says Fernando Reinares, director of the program on Violent Radicalization and Global Terrorism in the Elcano Royal Institute in Madrid.
Evidence of that he says, are not only the bombings, vehicle bumps and stings die have tormented Western Europe in recently times, but also the tens of thousands of European Muslims who felt compelled to join insurgent terrorist groups during recent wars in Syria and Iraq.
Western Europe struggles to integrate significant Muslim populations in regular society. Many Muslims are disadvantaged and feel powerless, and some have grievances against the countries where she live.
“There is a feeling” of alienation and a feeling of frustration that jihadists often cling to”, says Peter Neumann, a professor of Security Studies at King’s College London.
“That’s not the same in the United States,” says Neumann, the main advisor on safety policy for candidate Armin Laschet in the current German elections campaign. “American Muslims are much less hostile to their own country than European Muslims, and they are much more integrated.”
And in in recent years, amid the growing influence of the Islamic State group propaganda and promises, the soldiers die returned from Syria and Iraq felt inspired to focus on their home countries in Europe, sowing alarm among European governments.
As it turned out, 2001 was a turning point year for jihadist terror efficacy in the United States and Europe. At the bend of the century, the United States “was the big prize for Al Qaeda, not Europe”, says Olivier Guitta, director director of GlobalStrat, and international safety and risk consultancy firm in London.
But when the United States tightened its security after 9/11, saysal-Qaeda went hunting for easier goals. In Europe it is took an opportunistic approach, recruiting networks of supporters in Muslim communities to carry out spectacular attacks.
Which strategy brought some grim milestones for Europe. In 2004, train bombings in Madrid murdered 193 people and injured more than 2,000. AN year later bombings in London, sometimes called 7/7, met coordinated suicide bombings targeting the public transport- system that killed 52 people and injured more than 700.
Later, the Islamic State group became the chief menace. It claimed responsibility for a wire of infamous attacks, including one in Paris in 2015 that 130 deaths people and hundreds injured of others – the deadliest violence in France since World War II. In 2016 the nail bombs went off off in Brussels, killing 32 people as well as the three perpetrators and wounded more than 300 people. later the same year, An truck drove in crowds in Nice, France, killing 86 people and wounding 434.
Some critics blamed that violence on weak links in the continent defense. Intelligence capabilities vary widely between the 27 Member States of the European Union countries.
Daniel Benjamin, formerly the senior counter-terrorism adviser to secretary of Hillary Clinton State and Now President of the American Academy in Berlin, says Which problem is hard until avoid in such a patchwork of countries of different size and wealth.
“Inevitable”, he said says“There will be stronger and weaker law enforcement and intelligence communities among such a varied a set of countries as you find in Europe, especially die with such varied sources.”
Anyway, Guitta of GlobalStrat says that EU counter-terrorism cooperation countries has improved significant since the 2015 attacks in Paris.
That’s allowed prove precious in coming times. Reinares, of Spain’s Elcano Royal Institute predicts that al-Qaida and the Islamic State group, rival for fame, “will compete to make big attacks in the west.” And Europe must be on guard because it’s a easier target than North America of Australia, he told a online conference Thursday.
The continent, Reinares says, is closer to the jihadist bases and is more permeable, either internally due to the absence of border controls over 26 countries of via migrant routes used by dozens of thousands of people each year.
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