The “Riyadh-Chinese Cooperation and Development Summit” arrives in this moment. It serves as an important cooperation mechanism to develop means of exchange and expertise between the Arab and Chinese sides and to address current international challenges and changes, whether political, economic or cultural, for the benefit of Arab countries, China and the world as a whole.
This important historic summit also represents a new impetus to strengthen and develop Arab-Chinese relations, in light of the current international changes, and an opportunity to dedicate the historic Arab-Chinese relations, deepen cooperation in all fields, promote exchanges between civilizations in each of them, and work hand in hand to build the Arab-Chinese community for the common future towards the new era.
Through this summit, the leaders of the Arab countries and China intend to plan joint cooperation in future, improve the quality and level of Arab-Chinese relations and develop greater consensus between the two sides in matters of global governance, development, security, civil dialogue, and other important issues.
This summit is regarded as a milestone in the history of Arab-Chinese relations and symbolizes the entry of Arab-Chinese friendship in a new stage and opening up broader horizons for the Arab-Chinese strategic partnership relations, leading the two sides to move forward on the path of building the Arab-Chinese community for a common future in leaps and bounds.
Arab countries are important partners for China in moving forward decisively on via of development, strengthening solidarity and cooperation between countries in via of development and promoting the building of a community with a shared future for humanity.
The relations between the Arab countries and China are rooted in the depths of history, to form the distinct and close overall strategic partnership relations between the two sides, and in the past more than 70 years since the founding of the new China, the Arab- La Chinese cooperation has defined the prospects and the via to be followed to build the Arab-Chinese community.
Cooperation between Arab countries and China in all fields has witnessed rapid and comprehensive development, as Arab countries have become the most important energy suppliers and economic and trade cooperation partners for China. While the Arab and Chinese sides are jointly implementing the “Belt and Road” in various fields, including the field of technology, in the framework of the Arab-Chinese technology partnership, to make full use of China’s technological advantages, and employ the catalyst role of advanced and modern technology.
Arab countries and China enjoy a high degree of complementary economic advantages, as the volume of trade between Arab countries and China increased from AD 1970 to AD 2010, more than 620 times, and China’s oil imports from Arab countries have increased about 30 times from the early 1990s to 2010 AD
The total volume of trade between Arab countries and China in 2020 amounted to about $239.8 billion, while Arab countries’ imports from China amounted to about $122.9 billion, an increase by 2.1% year-on-year, while Arab countries and China are cooperation partners under the “Belt and Road” initiative, as China has signed cooperation documents under this initiative with many countries Arabs as well as the League of Arab States.
In the year 2021 AD, the mutual direct investment balances between the Arab and Chinese sides amounted to $27 billion, an increase of 2.6% from 10 years ago, and the volume of trade between the two sides has reached $330.3 billion, an increase of 1.5 percent from 10 years ago, and in the first three quarters of 2022 The volume of trade between the two sides reached $319 billion and $295 million, with an increase of 35.28% over the same period last year, and is close to the total volume in 2021.
And about expanding cultural and human exchanges and promoting the rapprochement of peoples; The Arab and Chinese sides have conducted a variety of cooperation in different fields, including youth, i mediaeducation, culture and health, which broadened the human and cultural exchange and deepened the understanding between the two sides.
The Arab and Chinese sides have established different mechanisms for human and cultural communication in the Arab-Chinese Cooperation Forum, and although the Arab and Chinese civilizations each have a distinct system and characteristics, both include common concepts and aspirations that accumulate in the process of human progress and are concerned with values such as moderation, moderation, tolerance and self-discipline, seek dialogue between civilizations and call for tolerance and mutual benefit.
The League of Arab States and the People’s Republic of China have historical friendly relations, as China started contacting the Arab League after establishing its diplomatic relations with Egypt in 1956 AD, and the League opened its office in China in 1993 AD, and the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs signed a memorandum of understanding on the establishment of a political consultation mechanism with the General Secretariat of the Arab League in 1999 AD, and China appointed its ambassador in Egypt and a Chinese delegate to the League of Arab States in 2005 AD, and the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs established a mechanism for senior-level political and strategic dialogue with the General Secretariat of the Arab League in 2015 AD
The Arab League seeks to strengthen its relations with China in various fields, in so as to make the Arab-Chinese rapprochement and cooperation stronger, more solid and more diversified, based on the common denominators of the respect of the two sides for the principles of international law, international legitimacy, sovereignty and independence of States and a commitment to resolving disputes by peaceful means and a common desire to expand and deepen areas of cooperation to achieve Arab and Chinese interests.
China has made unremitting efforts for the pace and stability in Middle East. China also participated in constructively address the Palestinian issue and the burning issues of Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Yemen and other countries, to push for solutions acceptable to all parties through a broad political dialogue.
The League of Arab States supports friendship with China, and the vast majority of China-related decisions issued by the ministerial-level League Council since its 125th session in March 2006 contain support for the One China principle.
All China-related decisions issued by the ministerial-level League Council since its 149th session in March 2018 have touched on cooperation in building the “Belt and Road” initiative Chinese diplomacy in Middle East.
Arab countries and China have united and supported each other in the spirit of a team since the outbreak of the emerging Corona virus pandemic, and have brought about effective cooperation in the areas of vaccine development and use, prevention and joint control and sharing of experiences and therapeutic drugs, to produce masks and other materials to fight this pandemic.
Arab countries and China also face similar historical challenges in light of the unprecedented changes the world is currently witnessing, as China has always regarded Arab countries as important partners in the steady march on via peaceful development, strengthening solidarity and cooperation between countries in via of development and the drive to build a community with a shared future for humanity.
It also reflects the holding of the first “Arab-Chinese Riyadh Summit for Cooperation and Development” in the Kingdom; The eagerness of Arab and Chinese leaders to develop aspects of joint cooperation and align strategic directions of Arab countries with China as the world’s second largest economy, as well as to strengthen the Kingdom’s role as a pillar of security and stability in the region and the world and build communication bridges with China by coordinating documents between the two sides and developing a vision and mechanisms Common understanding, launch and support of quality initiatives.
The Kingdom’s hosting of the first “Riyadh-China Summit for Cooperation and Development” helps to advance the Chinese-Arab strategic partnership towards broader horizons, as well as serve the common interests of both sides, enhancing the mechanisms of the Forum of Arab-Chinese cooperation, and instructing the General Secretariat to coordinate with the authorities concerned in each from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the People’s Republic of China.
The Kingdom is striving for the success of this important historic summit, which represents a milestone in the strategic partnership between the Arab countries and China, where three summits are being held.Prince Muhammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince and First minister The second is the “Riyadh Gulf-China Summit for Cooperation and Development” and the third is the “Riyadh Arab-China Summit for Cooperation and Development”. partnership, through these The summit, which is a further step to support Arab-Chinese cooperation in all fields, in order to achieve common interests between the two sides.