Arbitrary executions and torture . European and international tendency to prosecute Russia for war crimes

Amnesty International said it documented widespread war crimes committed by Russian forces in communities around the Ukrainian capital, Kiev, including arbitrary executions, house bombings and torture.

“The pattern of crimes committed by Russian forces that we have documented includes both illegal attacks and deliberate killings of civilians,” said Agnes Callamard, Amnesty International’s secretary general today. Justice”.

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The organization claimed to have collected prove and testimonials in eight cities near Kiev, including Bucha. After Russian forces withdrew from Bucha in April, the bodies were found in street, many with their hands tied behind their backs, e in mass graves. The governor of the Kiev region, Oleksandr Pavlyuk, said at least 1,235 bodies of civilians were found in the region.

Testimonies of Ukrainians who have lost loved ones

An Amnesty International report described the shooting in Bucha of Yevvin Petrashenko, a 43-year-old sales manager, who was shot in his kitchen while his wife and children hid in the basement. The Russian army allowed her wife, Tatiana, to enter her apartment, where she found her husband’s body.

The report quoted her as saying, “Yeven was lying dead on the kitchen floor. He was shot in the back (near) in the lungs and liver. His body remained in the apartment until March 10, when we managed to bury him. in an underground tomb in the courtyard “.

The report states that their neighbor Leonid Bodnarchuk, a 44-year-old construction worker, was shot dead by Russian soldiers as he climbed the stairs, and then the army threw a grenade into the stairwell.

The report added that the executions in Bucha were carried out with specialized rifles used by some Russian elite units. Amnesty International personnel found 7N12 black-tipped armor-piercing ammunition, caliber 939 x mm, used by elite units of the Russian army at the scene.

The investigation also described the bombing of the city of Borodinka, in which at least 40 people were killed in an indiscriminate bombing that destroyed eight residential buildings.

The European agency begins to collect prove

In this context, the European Council announced today Friday the adoption of a mandate for the adoption of new rules allowing the European Agency for Cooperation in the Field of Criminal Justice (Eurojust) to collect and preserve the prove war crimes.

The board said in a statement that the new rules would allow the agency to file and retain prove related to war crimes, including satellite images, photos, videos, audio recordings, DNA files and fingerprints.

He added that the rules will also allow these to be elaborated and analyzed prove in close cooperation with the European Union Law Enforcement Cooperation Agency (Europol) and share them with relevant national and international authorities, including the International Criminal Court.

The statement states that there is sufficient basis to believe that war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed and continue to be committed in Ukraine, stressing that the European Union will urgently take all necessary measures to ensure that the perpetrators of these crimes are held accountable.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stressed that it is in an investigation was conducted into what he described as the crimes committed by the Russian military against the people of his country.

He also added that his country’s position is quite clear, considering that “every Russian criminal must be brought to justice”, according to the Ukrainian news agency Zelensky.

He claimed that since the launch of the Russian military operation in Ukraine On February 24, Kiev accused the Russians of committing war crimes and violations in the country.

These allegations have escalated, especially after the Russian army withdrew from the vicinity of the Ukrainian capital (late March 2022), when numerous mass graves were found. in some cities, in particular Bucha.

While Moscow has repeatedly denied these allegations, describing them as inventions to distort the image of its army.

However, many Western countries have recently stepped up their requests for investigations into possible war crimes committed on Ukrainian soil.

The United Nations, in turn, has called on Russia to cooperate with the International Criminal Court in the possibility of such crimes.

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