Few countries have seen a turbulent year like Afghanistan in 2021, with US forces withdrawing from it and Taliban control of the country bogged down. in an exacerbation of the humanitarian crisis, especially as a harsh winter approaches.
Few in the world will forget the scenes of the Afghans who fell from the sky in Kabul after trying in vain to cling to the latest evacuation planes to escape the new regime and misery, those images will remain etched long and deep in the memory of the world.
They wonder what exactly happened
Months after the extremist movement took control of the country in mid-August, with a speed that surprised everyone, even the Taliban themselves, many Afghans are still wondering what exactly happened and what the future holds.
If the main challenge for the Taliban is to transform the insurrection of its mostly ignorant fighters in an administration in able to lead a complex and diverse country, the West, led by the United States and its NATO allies, fears to see the country slide further into misery, forcing tens of thousands of Afghans into exile, flee the country and return in Afghanistan as a hotbed of terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda.
Food is a priority
As for citizens, access to food, housing and work is a priority.
Women, in in particular, they bear the brunt of the repressive social policies of the Taliban, which were prevalent during the movement’s rule in the 1990s.
“The consequences of regime change were immediate and catastrophic,” said analyst Kate Clark in a report published by the “Afghan Analysts Network,” according to the AFP.
He also made it clear that military victory came very quickly to the Taliban movement, “which had no intention of ruling the country without outside help”. “When the Taliban was an insurgency, they taxed the residents of the areas they controlled, leaving public services in the hands of the government and NGOs.” in largely through international aid, he said. But he is now in power, at the head of a deeply low-income country, which has to care for an entire population of nearly 40 million.
More than 120,000 Afghans were flown from the Kabul airport in the chaotic last weeks of the U.S. presence in late August, most of whom have worked with foreign countries or companies to manage billions of dollars in aid that for 20 years have largely supported the budget state.
But now that aid has ceased, leaving the Taliban facing a bleak future, as they can only rely on their own resources and on tax and customs revenues.
The movement finds it difficult to convince both internally and externally that it will be more open than it was under its previous government between 1996 and 2001, when it persecuted women and severely punished its opponents.
Faced with these facts, Afghanistan is waiting for a tough new year, in the midst of a looming living crisis.
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