civilian casualties in Afghanistan achieved record high level in the first half of 2021, such as the United States and coalition the forces began to withdraw from the war-torn nation, according to a United Nations report published on Monday.
An important spike in the victims started in May, when the retreat began in serious and the Islamist Taliban made advances to grasp more territory, the report states.
The report found an increase of 47% in the number of civilians killed and wounded in all of Afghanistan in the first six months of this year, compared to the same period in 2020.
2,392 civilian casualties were recorded in May and June, almost as much as the combined total of 2,791 of the previous four months. Mayor jump in the victims occurred around the same time international troops began to leave the country and the Taliban took a step up they military operations.
“I plead with the Taliban and Afghan leaders to pay attention of the dark and chilling trajectory of the conflict and its devastating impact on civilians, “said Deborah Lyons, the UN secretary-general’S special representative for Afghanistan, in a statement accompanying the report.
“The report provides a clear warning what unprecedented numbers of Afghan civilians will die and be maimed in this way year if the growing violence is not stemmed, “Lyons added.
Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid rejected the results of the report in a declaration on Monday, calling them “biased and false”. The Afghan security and defense forces also rejected the report in a press conference on Monday, according to CNN.
The report comes as the Biden administration nears its end of his retirement of US forces from Afghanistan and while the Taliban make amazing progress on rural provinces in the war-torn country.
while most of the victims recorded by the report occurred outside of city in Afghanistan, the number of dead and injured he risks climb like the attacks by the Taliban move in urban areas, according to the report.
The report also said 32% of the victims were children and 14% was women, both of them record tall.
For the first time, no casualties have been attributed to international military action during the first half of 2021, according to the report. Instead violence has “taken” on a distinctly Afghan fighting Afghan character. “
Anti-government the forces were responsible for 64% of civilian casualties, according to the report. This includes 39% of victims attributed to the Taliban, 9% to the Islamic State and 16% to indeterminate non-state actors.
In the meantime, pleasegovernment the forces were responsible for 25% of civilian casualties, with 23% attributed to Afghan security forces and 2% attributed to progovernment armed groups, the report said.
The main cause of Civilian casualties were improvised explosive devices by opposition forces, followed by ground clashes between the parties, targeted killings by non-state groups and airstrikes by the Afghan Air Force, according to the report.
Lyons urged Taliban and Afghan leaders to find a way to end the violence.
“Stop Afghanistan-against- Afghan fighting. Protect Afghanistan people And give they hope for a better future,” she said in the statement.
In April, Biden announced a full withdraw of about 3,000 US troops from Afghanistan by 9/11, effectively ending America’s longest war.
The report found that the US and NATO withdraw from the country is more 95% complete and it’s set to finish by August 31st.
Until the withdrawal ends, the United States continues to do so support Afghan forces with combat airplane. On Thursday, the United States launched airstrikes during the night against Taliban targets.
The Biden administration is also moving forward with plans to evacuate the Afghans who helped the United States and NATO coalition forces during the war. thousands of they are waiting for approvals for they special visa applications for immigrants and May face punishment of the Taliban for their roles in war.
The United States is working with allies to ensure several overseas locations for approximately 4,000 Afghan citizens and their families to be relocated while processing their applications.
Amanda Macias of CNBC contributed to this article.
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