“Erdogan’s task is arduous” . Obstacles to amending Turkey’s constitution

Leave the announcement by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan Making constitutional amendments and perhaps drafting a new constitution for the countryThe door is open to a possible internal conflict that would add a new crisis between the ruling “Justice and Development” party and all of its opposition parties.

Days after the Turkish president’s announcement, the opposition Republican People’s Party confirmed its rejection of the proposed constitutional amendments, as did the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party, where the leaders of both parties declared that “Erdogan has not abided by the current constitution, so how can he create a new one for the country?”

The Turkish president proposes amendments, most of which relate to election and party laws, and to the structure of the “Supreme Constitutional Court,” the highest judicial body in the country. To achieve this, he needs the approval of 400 deputies in the Turkish parliament out of 600. He is supported in this direction by his only ally at home, Devlet Bahceli, who leads the right-wing National Movement, but both of them do not have more than 337 seats in parliament.

Erdogan seeks to completely change the constitution without mentioning precisely the articles that he will amend or cancel

Selcuk Ozdag, leader of the “Future” party

In this regard, Selcuk Ozdag, a leader in the “Future” party led by former Turkish Prime Minister Davutoglu, said, “Erdogan He seeks to completely change the constitution Without mentioning precisely the materials that he will amend or cancel.

He added to “Al-Arabiya.net” that “this task appears to be very difficult, with the lack of compatibility between the five parliamentary blocs.”

In the Turkish parliament, there are five parliamentary blocs, the largest of which is the ruling coalition bloc that includes the representatives of the “Justice and Development” and the “National Movement”, followed by the main opposition party bloc, the third is the pro-Kurdish party bloc, and in the end the opposition “good” party, also known as the “party” The good. “

Ilhan Ozgal, a Turkish political analyst, said, “Erdogan is trying to strengthen his grip on power by strengthening his constitutional powers.”

He added to Al-Arabiya.net, “The Turkish president has convinced his ally Bahceli of the necessity of these amendments or of the need to draw up a new constitution, and it seems that both are now trying to convince the citizens of this after the decline in the popularity of their electoral alliance.”

He pointed out that “the current government has already amended the current constitution several times, but stopped doing so due to disagreements between the parties as well as other internal problems.”

He continued, “The economic crisis has exhausted people, and therefore they do not care about the constitution and its amendments, as it is not among their priorities.”

Despite the difficulty in passing the amendments proposed by the Turkish president in parliament, but he has the option of a “popular referendum”, which is not ruled out by experts in Turkish politics, especially since Erdogan had previously held a controversial referendum in 2017 under which Turkey moved from the parliamentary system of government to the presidential one. .

The current constitution in Turkey was drawn up in 1983 after a military coup in the country in September 1982. Amendments were made in some of its articles last time about 10 years ago, based on the wish of the Justice and Development Party.

Some of the amendments that the Turkish president intends to make stipulate that the presidential elections will be held in one round, and that the candidate who gets the most votes will win, after the one who received more than 50% of the votes in the second and decisive round wins in the past.

The amendments also provide for the creation of significant obstacles to the participation of the newly established parties in any elections that may take place in Turkey. Observers say that the Turkish president aims to punish his former allies who left his party and founded new ones, including Davutoglu and former deputy prime minister Ali Babacan, according to this condition.