For the first time naming a heat wave for"important goal"!

Spanish scientists first gave the name to the anomalous heat “Zoya”.

According to USA Today, scientists gave a name to the heatwave that pushed temperatures up to 112 degrees Fahrenheit (44.4 degrees Celsius) in Seville between July 24 and 27.

“This is a new attempt to warn people about extreme temperatures and warn them of the dangers,” said José María Martín Olala, assistant professor of condensed matter physics at the University of Seville.

Hurricanes have long been given human names, and the unofficial practice of naming winter storms began in 2012 in the United States. But “Zoya” is the first name for the heat wave.

The name is the result of the efforts of the proMETEO Sevilla Project, an initiative of the Atlantic Council’s Adrienne Arsht-Rockefeller Foundation, a Washington-based think tank and non-profit organization.

Seville is the pilot site for a project that aims to raise public awareness of extreme heat and promote efforts to reduce the risks of heat waves.

Heatwaves are defined by the Spanish Meteorological Agency (AEMET) as episodes lasting at least three consecutive days during which at least 10% of weather stations recorded maximum temperatures above the 95th percentile between July and August between 1971 and 2000.

There is no single definition of a heat wave in the United States, but the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses a standard for at least two days when the humidity-adjusted minimum daily temperature exceeds the 85th percentile for the months of July and August from 1981 to 2010.

Heatwaves can be dangerous, especially for vulnerable groups such as the elderly and people doing manual labor outdoors. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2018 that between 2000 and 2016, the number of people exposed to extreme heat increased by 125 million annually.

And in July, temperatures in England topped 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) for the first time. This level of heat can be deadly, especially in places where there is no air conditioning.

The United States is also experiencing periods of extreme heat as the climate changes. On August 15, the nonprofit First Street Foundation released a report highlighting that extreme heat is likely to become more common in the coming decades.

Their models suggest that the Deep South, southern Arizona, and southern and central California will experience some of the most extreme shifts. For example, in Miami-Dade County, Florida, temperatures are likely to be 34 days above 103 degrees Fahrenheit (39.4 degrees Celsius) by 2053.

Zoe may be the first heat wave to be named, but not the last. The Spanish authorities are planning to swap female and male names in reverse alphabetical order for future heat events.

By naming heat waves, proMETEO Sevilla hopes to let people know they need to be especially careful, USA Today reports.

During heat waves, the World Health Organization advises keeping cool by opening windows at night to let in cooler air and turning off lights during the day.

Source: Science Alert.

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