When German voters head to the ballot box on A well-known name is missing from the ballot on Sunday.
After serving as German Chancellor for 16 years, Angela Merkel is not running for re-election.
Instead, voters in the European Unionthe strongest economy and the most populous country will decide what postMerkel Germany looks like like. And the race for her successor, die takes shape up an exciting match can only be days of weeks after Sunday to be decided contests.
Here are four things to do know over the German elections.
It’s the end of an era
Merkel’s departure is no surprise. the chancellor first announced in 2018, after setbacks for its Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party in regional elections, that she would ultimately not be re-elected of her current term.
Merkel grew up in what was then communist East Germany. They earned a doctorate in chemistry and worked as a research scientist until the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe die led to the crumbling of the iron Curtain. She came in politics, will become a official in the first democratic-elected East German government. After the reunification in 1990 of East and West Germany, she was elected to the country parliament, known as the Bundestag.
a protégé of Long-time Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Merkel rose through the ranks and became her party’s first female leader. After serving as lead of the German opposition from 2002 to 2005, Merkel made history after the 2005 elections by being appointed as the nation’s first female chancellor.
During her tenure controlling Germany, Merkel has done business: with four US presidents – George W. Bush, Barack Obama, Donald Trump and now Joe Biden.
Under Merkel’s watch, Germany has come to be known as the de facto leader of the European Union, and the chancellor will likely be remembered as a pragmatic leader with An ability to keep her job by making political compromises. And Merkel- in Germany, Europe and around the world – has earned An reputation as an honest broker and reliable partner.
Who is running to replace Merkel?
Like in the US, German politics is dominated by two major political parties. They are from Merkel party, the center-right CDU and the left-leaning Social Democratic Party (SPD). The two sides sent Germany in An grand coalition the past eight years.
the CDU, die runs on a combined ticket with her sister from the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) party, has nominated Armin Laschet as a candidate for chancellor. Laschet is the governor of North Rhine-Westphalia, the most populous state in the country.
The candidate of the SPD is the current federal finance minister and Vice Chancellor Olaf Scholz, who is seen as the front runner in the race, in the midst of an uninspired campaign and Laschet’s blunders.
Unlike USA, Germany also has numerous other political parties die have grown in size and influence. Among them is the Green Party, whose leader is Annalena Baerbock also A candidate for chancellor. At 40, she is the youngest and only woman among the top candidates for chancellor. But the former professional trampoline jumper is also the only one of the tree who missing some experience in government.
What are the main problems?
Climate change dominates the political debate in Germany in in recent years, and that has only intensified in the wake of the country’s devastating floods this summer. the dominance of the issue has the Green Party in enabled to broaden its appeal with voters.
While all the major parties have emphasized their credentials in fight climate change, the Green Party has the most aggressive platform in cutting emission of greenhouse gasses.
Economic problems and differences over increase in the minimum wage and pension system to be also front and center in the election.
in unlike in the US, abroad policy has been an afterthought in the current campaign. No question on that topic was asked during a recent televised debate.
How the election works
Germans not really vote for chancellor.
Instead they cast a vote for a local legislator and for their preference party.
German elections to the Bundestag are run on An system of proportional representation, which means that each party’s vote share refers to directly until how many seats they get in parliament. That principle makes it almost impossible for An party until lead An government alone. coalitions must instead are formed after the vote, and these often include more than two groups.
As soon as the results of Sunday’s election in, An new race put together a government coalition begins. The leader of Which coalition becomes the chancellor.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, many German voters have already cast ballots forward per post of Sunday’s election.
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