UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres asked during an interview with Agence France-Presse on Thursday that the international community entertain a “dialogue” with the Taliban movement that has taken power in Afghanistan, stressing the need to prevent an “economic collapse” in this country because it could lead to “millions of people”. dead “.
“We must maintain a dialogue with the Taliban. A dialogue in which we directly affirm our principles. A dialogue with a sense of solidarity with the Afghan people “, said Guterres.
The Secretary General stressed that “our duty is to be in solidarity with a suffering people, where millions and millions face the threat of hunger”.
He added: “Are there guarantees? No, the situation is unpredictable, and because it is unpredictable, we must engage (in dialogue) with the Taliban.”
The Secretary General stressed that dialogue with the militant movement is a must “if we want Afghanistan not to be a center of terrorism. If we want women and girls not to lose all the rights they acquired in the previous period. If we want different ethnic groups to be able to feel represented ”.
“So far, there is at least receptivity to the discussion,” he added.
The Secretary General expressed his readiness to go someday in Afghanistan, if the necessary conditions are met.
He explained that what the United Nations wants is an “inclusive government” in to which all components of Afghan society are represented, expressing his regret that the “first preliminary government” announced by the Taliban a few days ago “does not give this impression”.
She continued her statements: “Human rights, women’s rights and girls’ rights must be respected. Terrorism must not have a basis. in Afghanistan from which to launch operations in other countries, and the Taliban must cooperate in the fight against drugs “.
He said: “We want the country to be governed in pace and stability, respecting the rights of the people “, while” the Taliban want to be recognized and the sanctions imposed on them abolished, and they want financial support, and this gives a certain strength to the international community “.
The secretary general warned of “serious humanitarian consequences” in case of economic collapse in Afghanistan.
“We do not yet have an internationally recognized government, but we must also avoid an economic collapse that could have dire humanitarian consequences,” he commented.
He explained that the international community could repeat in What Afghanistan did in Yemen, since it could give Kabul “financial instruments”, regardless of the sanctions imposed on the Taliban, “to let the economy breathe”.
Guterres stressed that “this is in the interest of the international community, and I’m not talking about lifting sanctions or recognizing (the Taliban government), I’m talking about targeted measures to allow the Afghan economy to breathe.”
The Afghan scenario in the Sahel
In the press interview, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed his fear that the Taliban’s seizure of power in Afghanistan encourage armed groups in the Sahel region to follow the example of the Afghan militant movement, calling for the strengthening of “security mechanisms” in this region.
Regarding the Sahel region of Africa, Guterres said: “I am afraid of the psychological and real impact of what happened. in Afghanistan “, adding:” There is a real danger. These terrorist groups (in the Sahel) can get excited about what happened (in Afghanistan) and has ambitions that go beyond what it had a few months ago.
The Secretary General stressed that there is “something new in the world that is very dangerous”, explaining that even if their number is not great, “there are fanatical groups, in their faith, for example, death is desirable. The groups are ready to do anything. We see the armies collapse in front of them. “.
“We saw it in Mosul in Iraq, in Mali during the first attack on Bamako, and we have seen it in Mozambique (…). This danger is real and we need to think seriously about its implications for the terrorist threat and how the international community should organize itself to deal with the terrorist threat “, he added. This threat”.
The Secretary General called for “the need to strengthen security mechanisms in the Sahel region”, because “the Sahel region is the most important weakness that needs to be addressed. It is not just Mali, Burkina Faso or Niger. but now they have infiltrations in Ivory Coast and Ghana. “
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