There is no doubt that when Xi Jinping took power in China in 2012, most observers expected him to be the most progressive Communist Party leader in the country’s history, due to his secrecy and family history, but all these expectations have gone in shattered after ten years of his rule.
Xi, who on Sunday became the most powerful leader in the country since Mao Zedong, after winning a historic third term, showed boundless ambition, a stubbornness towards the opposition and a desire to control almost all aspects of life in modern China.
But the Chinese president does not fight “for power because he wants it”, but uses power as a tool to realize his vision and his dream, as explained by Alfred L .. Chan, author of a book on the life of Xi, has told the AFP.
In turn, another biographer, Adrian Giggs, said that the Chinese leader “really has a vision for the country, as he wants to see it as the most powerful country in the world”.
He also felt that Xi is not motivated by a desire to get rich, contrary to what has been said about his family’s fortune from the media but rather the Communist Party is at the center of this vision, which it calls the “Chinese dream or the great renewal of the Chinese nation”.
For her part, Kerry Brown, author of the book “Xi .. A Study in Power “, said that” the Chinese president strongly believes in the Communist Party “.
He also added that “the biggest mistake in the world about Xi is not taking this belief seriously.”
his sister committed suicide
Perhaps the biggest secret of his life lies in his childhood, because it wasn’t easy. After his father, Shi Zhongxun, he was a revolutionary hero and in followed as deputy prime minister, he became a target of Mao Zedong during the Cultural Revolution.
In this context, writer Chan said, “Xi and her family are still traumatized” as Jinping lost her position overnight while her sister committed suicide by her father as a result of the persecution.
Rather, he himself admitted in a previous interview with the newspaper and the Washington Post in 1992 that he had become an outcast by his schoolmates.
At just 15, Xi was sent to work in difficult conditions in the countryside transporting grain and sleeping in a cave, saying he was “shocked” during this time.
He also explained in this old interview that in some sessions he had to condemn his father.
That experience may have given him “a sense of emotional and psychological detachment and trust in himself from an early age, “according to political scientist David Shambaugh.
But the cave in where he slept today has become a tourist spot to show his concern for the poorest.
In 1974 Xi became party leader in his village. He started, according to Giggs, “at a very low level”, climbing the ladder of power to become governor of Fujian province in 1999, then party leader in Zhejiang in 2002 and finally in Shanghai in 2007.
At the end of the seventies of the last century, after Mao’s death, his father was rehabilitated, consolidating his position.
After divorcing his first wife, Xi married opera singer Ping Liyuan in 1987 when she was more famous than him.
Cai Xia, a former Chinese Communist Party official who lives in exile in the United States, he believes he “suffers from an inferiority complex, knowing that he has received less education than other senior CCP leaders.”
As a result, he is “sensitive, stubborn and dictatorial,” as he wrote in Foreign Affairs.
“Heir to the Revolution”
However, Chan noted, Xi has always considered himself an “heir to the revolution”.
In 2007 he was appointed a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the party’s highest decision-making body.
When he replaced Hu Jintao five years later, his performance tally did not allow him to speculate on his repression of social movements and media independent, on allegations of human rights violations in Xinjiang or the promotion of a strong foreign policy.
The party’s importance, Brown wrote, is clear, as is its mission to “make China great again.”
But it’s also clear that he fears his hold on power will weaken, especially since the collapse of the Soviet Union and socialism in Eastern Europe came as a huge shock to him.
Xi attributed this collapse to political openness, according to Giggs, so it appears that the Chinese president has decided that his country should not drink the same cup, so he has imposed strong Communist Party leadership with a strong leader!
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