Sudanese protest the military government almost every week, but since June 30, which has seen the largest number of victims among the protesters in months, the demonstrators hold a sit-in in the’area of Bahri, north of Khartoum, the city of Omdurman, west of the capital, and opposite the Al-Jawda hospital in the center of Khartoum.
Nine people were shot dead by security forces that day, according to Sudan’s central anti-coup medical committee, the deadliest since the beginning of the year.
The date of June 30th in Sudan has a symbolic dimension because it coincides with the anniversary of the coup of former Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir against the democratically elected government with the support of the Islamists in 1989, as well as the anniversary of the mass demonstrations in 2019 which prompted the generals to involve civilians in the government after the army overthrew al-Bashir.
But the military coup led by the army chief, Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, on October 25, 2021, ended this partnership.
114 demonstrators have been killed since the coup, one of whom spent Saturday after being hit “in the head by a tear gas during the processions of June 16”, as we read. in a statement from the Medical Committee.
For the past two days, security forces have tried to disperse the protesters using water cannons and tear gas.
From a sit-in in the center of the capital, one of the demonstrators, who preferred not to be named, told AFP: “I support the sit-in if it lasts a year for the sake of my brother martyrs and revolutionaries … until we prove to the people that the road is alive, no matter how many martyrs we lose, and until we overthrow the regime. “
For its part, the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change, the main opposition faction in the country, demanded on Sunday in a statement “the diversity of forms of qualitative and mass resistance, coordination and unity among its forces”.
Strike of doctors
On Monday, the Sudanese Doctors’ Union announced the start of a 72-hour strike, starting on Tuesday.
On Sunday evening the Sudanese judiciary announced the opening of an investigation into “these events that have resulted in deaths and injuries”.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, had condemned the crackdown on protesters on June 30 and on Friday called for an “independent investigation”.
In recent weeks, the United Nations, the African Union and the East and Central African Development Community (IGAD), through the so-called “tripartite mechanism”, have lobbied for direct dialogue between the military and civilians. However, major opposition blocs, such as the Forces for Freedom and Change and the Umma Party, have refused to commit in this dialogue.
In response to the military coup, the international community suspended its financial aid, which represents 40% of the budget of Sudan, a country suffering from a deep economic crisis due to a shortage of foreign currencies and a strong inflation rate. high, touching 200%.
The United Nations World Food Program also warned this month that one third of Sudan’s population was “severely food insecure”.