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In the presence of 197 countries … Everything you need to know about the climate conference

The activities of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change 2022, “the Conference of the 27 Parties”, began today, Monday, in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, and will continue for a week, to discuss the issue of climate change, and the proposal solutions to face it and face it.

World leaders attended the annual conference which serves as the formal meeting of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international treaty signed by most countries in the world with the aim of limiting the impact of the human activity on climate change climate.

197 countries

It is also known that 197 countries have signed the framework agreement called parties, in which the parties to the United Nations Conference on Climate Change have met annually since 1995, with the aim of evaluating progress in addressing climate change, negotiating to prevent dangerous interference from human activities on the climate system and setting legally binding limits Determine greenhouse gas emissions for each individual country and determine the implementation mechanism.

Any final text of the COP must be approved by consensus.

Whereas the COP’s annual meetings are a means by which the global community coordinates actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that are leading to global warming.

The main goal is to limit the rise in global average temperatures, which is currently on track for an increase of around 2.7 ° C or more by the end of the century.

Method of negotiation and discussion

Interestingly, various extensions of the treaties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change were negotiated during the conferences of the parties, including the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which sets emission limits for developed countries, and also the Paris Agreement of 2015, where all countries agreed to step up efforts to reduce emissions Global warming and the promotion of climate action financing.

As for the United Nations Conference on Climate Change 2022 (COP27), this is the twenty-seventh conference since the entry in force of the agreement on 21 March 1994 and Egypt will be the host country of the conference questyear according to a rotation system between the different continents, and was chosen as the only African country that expressed the desire to host the conference.

The countries will meet at the 2022 COP27 climate conference to take the necessary steps to reduce global climate problems in compliance with the issues agreed under the Paris Agreement.

Building on the results and momentum of COP 26 in Glasgow last year, countries are expected to demonstrate at COP 27 that they have kept all their promises.

Puts in prominence

As for the most important goals that the 2022 climate conference in Egypt seeks to achieve, begins with the elimination of global warming, as it is necessary to cooperate to reduce global warming and reduce global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius and reach 1.5 degrees Celsius. This requires immediate action by all parties, in especially countries that have the potential and can lead by example.

The 2022 climate conference will also be an opportunity for countries to fulfill their commitments and commitments and meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.It should also witness the implementation of the Glasgow Agreement, which included a review of determined contributions. at the national level (NDC), and the establishment of a work program aimed at eliminating global warming.

While adverse weather conditions such as heat waves, floods and fires have become a daily reality in our lives, as the global goal of adaptation was one of the important achievements of the COP26 climate conference, therefore, the 2022 climate conference it must achieve the progress required with determination and urge all parties to demonstrate the political will necessary to drive progress, strengthen resilience and help the most vulnerable and poorest communities.

Alongside the global goal on adaptation, the United Nations Conference on Climate Change 2022 (COP27) should see a global agenda for action on adaptation, highlighting the points agreed at the Paris conference and articulated in in more detail at the Glasgow Conference on Global Adaptation.

The 2022 climate conference needs to make significant progress on the critical issue of climate finance and push forward all agenda items related to finance.

Financing climate action is key to achieving the Paris Agreement goals, so improving the transparency of financial flows to meet the needs of countries is imperative in via of development, in particular in Africa, in the least developed countries and in the small island states in via of development.

The current commitments and promises announced by the Copenhagen and Cancun conferences, via Paris, to Glasgow, require follow-up to clarify the current situation and what to do next.

The delivery of $ 100 billion annually will create more trust between developed and developed countries in via development, which also demonstrates compliance with actual commitments.

The United Nations Conference on Climate Change 2022 aims for the cooperation and participation of all stakeholders, in particular of vulnerable countries in the African region which are increasingly affected by climate problems. Human rights are at the heart of the goals of the 2022 climate conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, so we need to transform the outcomes of the Glasgow conference in action and start implementing them.

Governments, the private sector and civil society must work together to change the way in we treat the planet, providing new solutions and innovations that help mitigate the negative effects of climate change. We also need to implement and implement all climate-friendly solutions as quickly as possible in countries in via of development.

The world awaits new losses

Interestingly, the world is facing an increasing loss of life and livelihoods in all over the world due to the climate crisis, starting with fires that devour the forests every year, moving in cities suffering from very high temperatures, draining farmland and storm-ravaged coastlines. It is imperative to act quickly to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in so that the situation does not get worse.

The UAE has won the tender to host the 28th COP UN Climate Conference, which will be held next year.

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