Queen Elizabeth II, who ruled the UK for 70 years, died at Balmoral at the age of 96
She died peacefully at her Scottish estate, where she had spent most of the summer, on Thursday afternoon.
Since 1952, when she became Queen, a lot has changed in society.
Her son, King Charles III, said that the death of his beloved mother was a “moment of great sadness” for him and his family and that her loss would be “deeply felt” all over the world.
He said, “We are very sad about the death of a respected monarch and a much-loved mother.
“I know that her death will be unfortunate for everyone in the country, the realms, and the Commonwealth, as well as for many people all over the world.”
During the coming time of mourning, he said, he and his family would be “comforted and sustained by the fact that the Queen was held in such high regard and deep affection by so many.”
Buckingham Palace said that the King and his wife, who is now the Queen Consort, will go back to London on Friday. He is expected to speak to the whole country.
After the Queen’s doctors became worried about her health earlier in the day, the most critical royals met at Balmoral.
After doctors put the Queen under medical care, all of her children went to Balmoral, which is near Aberdeen.
Prince William, who is now the heir to the throne, and his brother, Prince Harry, were also there.
Liz Truss, who was named Prime Minister by the Queen on Tuesday, said that the Queen was the “rock” on which modern Britain was built and had “given us the stability and strength we needed.”
She said this about the new King: “We will be loyal to him, just as his mother was loyal to so many people for so long.
“And with the end of the second Elizabethan age, we say “God save the King” to start a new time in the great history of our great country, just as Her Majesty would have wanted.”
Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, who is in charge of the spiritual side of the Church of England, which is run by the monarch, said he felt “profound sadness.”
He said, “The King and the Royal Family are in my prayers.”
Queen Elizabeth II was in charge of the government after World War II, during the change from empire to Commonwealth, at the end of the Cold War, and when the UK joined and left the European Union.
Her rule covered 15 prime ministers, from Winston Churchill, who was born in 1874, to Ms. Truss, who was born in 1975, 101 years later.
During her reign, she met with her prime minister once a week.
People waiting outside Buckingham Palace in London to hear about the Queen’s health started to cry when they heard she had died.
At 18:30 BST, the union flag on top of the palace was lowered to half-mast, and official notice was posted outside to let people know about the death.
Prince William and his wife Catherine became the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Cornwall when the Queen died.
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was born on April 21, 1926, in Mayfair, London.
Few people thought she would become queen, but in December 1936, her uncle, Edward VIII, gave up the throne to marry Wallis Simpson, an American who had been married twice before.
Elizabeth’s father became King George VI, and when she was 10, she became the heir to the throne. Her family called her “Lilibet.”
In just three years, Nazi Germany and Britain were at war. During the war, Elizabeth and her younger sister, Princess Margaret, spent a lot of time at Windsor Castle because their parents didn’t want to send them to Canada.
After she turned 18, Elizabeth joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service for five months. There, she learned how to drive and do basic car repairs. “I started to understand the team spirit that grows when things go wrong,” she said later.
During the war, she wrote letters to Philip, Prince of Greece, who was in the Royal Navy and was her third cousin. Their love grew, and on November 20, 1947, they got married at Westminster Abbey. The prince became the Duke of Edinburgh.
After they had been married for 74 years, she would say that he was “my strength and stay.” He died in 2021 at the age of 99.
Their first son, Charles, was born in 1948. Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward all came along after that. They gave their parents eight grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren between the two of them.
In 1952, Princess Elizabeth was in Kenya taking care of the sick King. It was there that Prince Philip told her that her father had died. She went back to London right away as the new Queen.
“It was all very sudden, and I just tried to do the best I could,” she said later.
Elizabeth was crowned at Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953, when she was 27 years old. More than 20 million people watched the event on TV, which was a record at the time.
In the following decades, there will be a lot of change. The British Empire would end overseas, and the Swinging ’60s would change social norms at home.
Elizabeth changed the monarchy to fit a time when people were less likely to bow down to them. She did this by going on walkabouts, visiting royal residences, and going to public events.
She always cared about the Commonwealth, and she went to each Commonwealth country at least once.
But there were times when people and themselves hurt.
In 1992, the Queen’s “year from hell,” a fire destroyed her private home and working palace, Windsor Castle, and three of her children’s marriages ended.
After Diana, Princess of Wales, died in a car accident in Paris in 1997, the Queen was criticized for not responding publicly quickly enough.
People wondered if the monarchy was still important in the modern world.
“No institution… should expect to be free from the scrutiny of those who are loyal to and support it, let alone those who aren’t,” she said.
As a 21-year-old princess, Elizabeth promised that she would spend her whole life helping others. In 1977, at her Silver Jubilee, she thought back on those words and said, “Even though I made that promise when I was young and naive, I don’t regret or take back a single word of it.”
In a thank-you letter to the country on the weekend of her Platinum Jubilee in June, 45 years later, she made the same promise to serve.
The event was marked with a mix of state ceremonies, street parties, and a colourful festival of all things British.
Even though her health kept her from attending some events, the Queen told everyone, “My heart has been with you all.”
At the end of a pageant, she stood on the Buckingham Palace balcony with three generations of her family. Huge crowds in the Mall cheered her on.
The Royal Family is now going through a time of sadness. In the next few days, a lot of the country’s normal activities will be put on hold. Official events will be canceled, and union flags will be flown at half-mast at royal homes, government buildings, the Armed Forces, and UK posts overseas.
Members of Parliament will honor the Queen and swear allegiance to King Charles.
Church bells will ring, and gun salutes will be fired as local and national groups, and charities plan memorial events and condolence books as ways to show respect.
In about two weeks, there will be a state funeral for the Queen.
Foreign leaders have said nice things about the Queen. For example, US Vice President Joe Biden said that she stood with the US in its “darkest days” after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
Emmanuel Macron, the president of France, thought she was “kind-hearted” and a “friend of France.”
The Queen was a constant in Canadians’ lives and one of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s “favorite people in the world.”