Scientists from the University of Southern Denmark have denied rumors that men’s life expectancy is declining.
The BMJ Open magazine notes that, according to scientists from the University of Southern Denmark, men have a better chance of survival than women, especially those who are married and have an advanced degree. This refutes the common belief that male life expectancy is lower than that of females due to intrinsic biological differences.
The researchers studied and analyzed life expectancy data for men and women in 199 population groups on all continents over a 200-year period from 1751 to 2020, using sex tables of deaths for selected years in 41 countries, as well as separate data on deaths in Eastern and Western Germany, as well as data contained in the death tables in the World Population Prospects 2019 report. These tables included sex-disaggregated deaths for 199 countries across five-year age groups and five-year periods from 1954 to 2019. 950 for 2015-2019.
Since 1850, the probability that men will live longer than women has ranged from 25 to 50 percent at all times and in all population groups, sometimes exceeding 50 percent in different countries and at different times. For example, in Iceland in 1891, in Jordan in 1950–1954, in Iran in 1950–1964, in Iraq in 1960–1969; And in Bangladesh, and in India, and in the Maldives until 1985, and in 1995-2010. in Bhutan.
These results suggest that over the past 200 years, 1-2 men out of every four have lived longer than women, challenging the prevailing view that women live longer than men. The reason for the increase and decrease in the difference in life expectancy between the sexes is mainly related to lifestyle, including smoking habits.
According to researchers, certain external factors play an important role in this issue. For example, in 2015-2019, US men were expected to live 40 percent longer than women. However, this percentage varies depending on social status and level of education.
The probability that men will live longer than women was 39% for married and 37% for unmarried; And 43% of those who have a higher education, and 39% of those who do not have a secondary education.
At the same time, married men with higher education have an advantage over unmarried women with only secondary education. Couples affect each other’s health, and men benefit more from a stable relationship than women. Lower life expectancy is associated with a higher risk of accidents and death from violence between the ages of 20 and 30, as well as cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption.
Source: linta. Ro