Russia intervened, Beijing remained in silence and America was worried. What is the importance of Kazakhstan?

The riots have not subsided since the beginning of the week in Kazakhstan, the country in the heart of Asia between the jaws of Russia and China.

While Russia came in help from the authorities in Kazakhstan, after its president appealed to Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, pushing his forces into the country, China remained in silence and stressed that what was happening was an internal matter and should not be interfered with.

Yesterday, his foreign ministry spokesman declined to comment on the entry of Russian forces in Kazakhstan, in order to impose security in Almaty, one of the largest cities in the country.

Dangers of protest ?!

As for the United States, it warned Moscow that it was monitoring the movement of forces there.

Why do those countries and the world care about these unrest and watch them closely, and what are they afraid of?

To answer this question, it is necessary to look at the map and the geographical location of this country, due to the importance of geography and economics in politics. in general.

Located between Russia and China, Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked or landlocked country in the world, larger than all of Western Europe, despite its population of just 19 million.

There is no doubt that the recent unrest and demonstrations that began last Sunday are of particular importance because they took place in the heart of a country that was considered, until recently, the pillar of political and economic stability. in a region in unstable general, even if this stability has come through a government that suffocates the opposition.

Those protests also worry Moscow a lot, according to the New York Times, because Kazakhstan is an ally of Russia, whose president, Vladimir Putin, sees this neighbor as part of Russia’s sphere of influence in the region.

Here, it should be noted that the decision made yesterday, Thursday, to intervene in the Collective Security Treaty Organization, which is similar to a Russian version of NATO, is the first time the organization has intervened under the pretext of protecting a country. , a step that could have serious consequences for the country The political geography of the region.

Third challenge for Moscow

Furthermore, for the Kremlin, these riots represent another potential challenge for an allied authority in a neighboring country.

Especially since this revolt in Kazakhstan is Putin’s third against an allied state of the Kremlin, after protests in favor of democracy in Ukraine in 2014 e in Belarus in 2020.

Therefore, Moscow fears any new chaos in its back gardens, in the neighborhood and among its neighbors, as it could threaten its influence in the region. in one moment in which is trying to stabilize its economy and its geopolitical strength in countries such as Ukraine and Belarus.

countries of the former Soviet Union

In addition, the countries of the former Soviet Union are closely watching the protests, because the events in Kazakhstan can breathe life and activate their opposition forces.

As for the United States, Kazakhstan is important economically and oil, especially since large companies such as Exxon Mobil and Chevron have invested tens of billions of dollars in the west of the country, where the unrest began.

Although it has close relations with Moscow, successive Kazakh governments have always maintained close ties with the United States, especially since they view oil investments as a counterweight to Russian influence.

And Washington has always been less critical of authoritarianism in Kazakhstan that in Russia and Belarus!

As for China, despite its economic and political interests in the neighboring country, it has not yet objected to the expansion of Russian influence, especially as Beijing and Moscow are so far balancing in looking after their interests in the region, where the the points in common that unite them are much more than those that divide them!

Anger at the increase in the price of fuel

Interestingly, the demonstrations were initially sparked by anger over rising fuel prices, but their reach quickly expanded to include government and regime change, as well as former president opposition. Nursultan Nazarbayev, who still retains extensive powers in the former Soviet republic despite his resignation in 2019 after ruling the country for nearly three decades.

Nazarbayev, 81, is widely regarded as the main political force in the capital, Nur-Sultan, which bears his name.

His family is also believed to control much of the country’s economy, the largest in Central Asia. However, the man did not appear in public nor has he made any statements since the protests began.

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