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In the Sudanese capital, the signing ceremony of the “framework agreement” between the top army leaders and the “Freedom and Change” coalition, the largest opposition bloc in the country, began today, amid a large international and regional presence of parties that helped to reach this agreement to end the political crisis in Sudan and restore it to civilian power.
Other political parties are also signing, but have taken positions in support of the civil democratic transition process in the country.
The signing ceremony will be held in the Presidential Palace in Khartoum in the presence of the parties, including military and civilian leaders, to officially sign the Freedom and Change Agreement.
Correspondence #Arabic Lina Yacoub follows preparations for Sudanese parties to sign ‘political framework agreement’#Sudan #Khartoum photo.twitter.com/Yvgm5ioPub
– Arabic (@AlArabiya) December 5, 2022
The international “trilateral mechanism” comprising the United Nations, the African Union and the “IGAD” organization will also participate in the signing ceremony, as well as the “Quartet mechanism” comprising Saudi Arabia, the United States, the United Arab Emirates and Great Britain, as well as representatives of European Union countries and diplomatic missions accredited in Khartoum.
Details of the framework agreement
According to Al-Arabiya/Al-Hadath correspondent, the deal stands in general principles which include the consolidation of the principle of justice and accountability, mechanisms of transitional justice and an end to impunity, as well as an emphasis on a single professional army committed to unified military doctrine and the establishment of full civilian authority without the participation of regular forces.
• Details of the framework agreement:
– The transitional period is set at two years from the moment of the appointment of a prime minister and the selection of a transitional prime minister by the revolutionary forces that signed the framework agreement.
According to the framework agreement, the head of state will be the commander in army chief. He also expands the prime minister’s powers during the transition period.
– Initiate a comprehensive constitutional process, by organizing a comprehensive electoral process after a transitional period of 24 months, provided that its requirements and preparations are defined in the transitional constitution, in so that it is credible, transparent and has integrity.
– The issue of security and military reform leading to a single professional and national military that protects the country’s borders and democratic civilian government and removes the military from politics.
– The need to reform all systemic bodies and define their functions
– The question of removing the empowerment of the isolated regime, dismantling it in all state institutions, recovery of illegally obtained funds and assets and review of decisions in under which the decisions of the Empowerment Removal Committee were reversed.
– Legal reform and reform of the judiciary to achieve its independence and professionalism
Stop the economic decline and face the crisis of living
Implementation of the agreement of pace of Juba with his assessment and evaluation
Complete the pace with the non-signatory armed movements
Adopt a balanced foreign policy that realizes the supreme national interests of the state
Transitional power structures:
The structures of the transitional authority, as stipulated in the framework agreement, consist of the sovereign level, the Council of Ministers and the Legislative Council, which are entirely civilian institutions.
Representation of women in the Legislative Council of 40%.
– The sovereign level will be civilian and limited in number with honorary missions.
– The Security and Defense Council is formed under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister and the participation of relevant ministries and heads of regular agencies
– Independent and specialized commissions and judicial and parliamentary councils are set up
Regulatory bodies and their functions:
At the forefront of the regular agencies are the Armed Forces, Rapid Support Forces, Police Forces, and the General Intelligence Service.
The armed forces, as foreseen by the framework agreement, are a regular, national, non-partisan institution, with a creed adhering to the constitutional and civil order.
The armed forces carry out their tasks in compliance with the provisions of the law
– It should also implement the tasks foreseen in the framework agreement, such as the implementation of policies related to security and military reform in compliance with the plan of the transitional government
– The reform provides for the integration of the Rapid Support Forces into the armed forces according to the agreed timetables, as well as the integration of the forces of the armed movements in compliance with the provisions in security matters contained in the Juba Agreement.
Prohibit the formation of military or paramilitary militias
Prohibit the military from engaging in investments and commercial activities, except those related to military production and military missions
Issues that need further consultations to reach a final agreement:
First in line in these issues there is the issue of justice and transitional justice
– Following the question of the agreement of pace of Juba for Sudan
– Deactivate the orphaned system
Security and military reform
– The Eastern Question by making appropriate arrangements for the stability of Eastern Sudan, in a way that achieves a pace justice and power sharing
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