Scientists from the British University of York have found evidence in the territory of modern Poland that people in the Stone Age made cheese from the milk of a number of animals.
The Royal Society Open Science journal indicates that researchers have been studying Late Neolithic dairy processing methods by analyzing fats and proteins, as they were able to find organic remains in earthenware pots containing a high proportion of cheese, suggesting that cheese was made using multiple types of milk.
It is reported that lactose intolerance (lactose intolerance) was widespread in Europe during the Neolithic period until the late Bronze Age, when a mutation appeared that allowed adults to produce lactase, an enzyme that breaks down lactose in the body.
Despite the prevalence of lactose intolerance during this period, there is archaeological evidence to support the consumption of dairy products in the Neolithic era, as animal bones have been found with signs of slaughter, characteristic of animals whose milk was consumed, milk fats in ceramic pots and milk proteins. in tartar that has accumulated on the teeth.
The results of the study show that farmers reduced the amount of lactose in cow, sheep and goat milk by converting it into products such as cheese or yogurt.
Source: Linta. EN