Cyber security roles will see the fastest growth, along with data science and machine learning positions, according to an IDC report.
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Full employment of information and communication technology (ICT) will reach 55.3 million worldwide in 2020, an increase of 3.9% compared to 2019, according to the first Worldwide Technology Employment Impact Guide from IDC.
The research firm expects ICT full-time employment (FTE) to maintain this growth rate during the 2019-2023 forecast period, with more than 62 million jobs in 2023, with a five-year Compound Annual Growth (CAGR) of 3.8%.
SEE: How to build a successful career in cyber security (TechRepublic)
IDC’s technological employment functions are roles that are stable over time. The guide examined FTE in nine regions, 19 industries and 37 functions, including cyber / information security engineer / analyst; specialist in security management; business analyst information; business intelligence architect / developer; data engineer; and data scientist.
The largest role groups are the application group, which contains eight roles with regard to software development and management; the other IT / technical group, which comprises five graphic, multimedia and web design roles; and the technical support group, with five roles.
These three groups together will account for around three-quarters of all ICT FTEs during the forecast, IDC said.
The cyber security role group will see the fastest growth with a five-year CAGR of 9.6%, while the other IT / technical role group, according to IDC, remains essentially flat with a CAGR of 0.1%.
Of the 40 technological functions covered in the guide, three will represent almost one third of all IT functions in the forecast: software developer / engineer, user support specialist and system analyst.
The fastest growing roles are data scientist (13.7% CAGR), machine learning design / development / engineer (13.6% CAGR) and data engineer (12.9% CAGR).
The guide also looks at the impact that digital transformation (DX) has and will have on skills and roles within an organization. DX-related functions are functions aimed at extracting and developing the value and usefulness of information, making business activities faster and more effective, thereby speeding up personnel transformation and optimization.
They are also roles that “apply a ubiquitous and multi-dimensional ecosystem approach to customer experience and optimize products, services and experiences to deliver value to partners, customers, and employees,” the company said.
Today, DX functions make up 40% of the technology FTE, but IDC expects this share to be 52% in 2023.
“Investment in digital transformation technology (DX) is the driving force behind IT investments. The IT skills needed to deliver DX projects are changing, with some of the fastest growing demand for IT roles around data and intelligence, “said Craig Simpson, research manager of IDC’s Customer Insights & Analysis Group.
“We move away from IT employees who focus on basic IT installation and maintenance functions and shift to roles that can build database architecture and functionality to derive intelligence and insights from an organization’s DX efforts,” said Simpson.
Because digital transformation is widely applied across all sectors, organizations need new skills and roles to shape technology roadmap and to support and implement these changes, said Eileen Smith, vice president of IDC’s Customer Insights & Analysis Group.
“Discrete production, process production, and banking are expected to use most FTEs for these digital transformation efforts,” said Smith, “because they look at technology roles in areas such as applications and technical support for designing software and services to enhance the customer experience to improve. “
With DX and innovation becoming an increasingly important part of day-to-day IT activities, the IT organization will adjust who it hires, how IT staff are developed and the career development of IT professionals, said Cushing Anderson, program vice president. , IT Education and Certification at IDC.
“IT organizational change will be an organizational transformation that is as crucial to the success of the business as DX itself,” he said.
The Worldwide Technology Employment Impact Guide represents IDC’s best estimates of FTE technology per standardized role group, role, industry, region, technology, and type of digital transformation (DX or non-DX). The employment demand estimates are based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative data from different primary and secondary sources, which are used to determine an FTE demand forecast for each specific role per industry and per region, IDC said.
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