At the end of the longest war in the United States, the Afghan Army commander announced on Saturday that foreign forces had begun withdrawing from his country.
This happened after Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin in stressed in his first major political speech on Friday that his country is ready for a possible future conflict, much like die “old wars”, die the Ministry of Defense for a long time in Have availed.
Merging of military operations
He also demanded die Mobilizing technological progress and die Enhancing the integration of military operations on a global scale to understand faster, make decisions faster, and act faster, as he put it.
It is worth noting that die United States, die to withdraw completely from Afghanistan on Saturday, 2001 militarily at the head of an international coalition in had intervened in this country to drive al-Qaeda from their strongholds after the bloody attacks of September 11th.
A long war that lasted for years
On October 7, 2001, less than a month after the 9/11 attacks that killed around 3,000 people, US President George W. Bush took off die Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan after the Taliban regime refused to surrender Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden within a few weeks die Taliban overthrown by United States-led international forces.
America dispatched about a thousand soldiers to the field in November before increasing the number to 10,000 the following year.
In 2008, President Bush decided to send reinforcements to implement an effective strategy against the Taliban insurgency, and in late 2009, in the first few months of President Barack Obama’s tenure, soared die Number of American soldiers in Afghanistan to about 68,000 as of December, however. Obama sent another 30,000 soldiers and confirmed that die American forces would begin withdrawing after 18 months. The aim was to stop the Taliban uprising and die to strengthen Afghan institutions.
Achieved by mid-2011 die Number of foreign soldiers in Afghanistan more than 150,000, including 100,000 Americans.
The murder of bin Laden
Then Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks, became in the night from May 1st to May 2nd, 2011 with a US special forces unit in Pakistan killed where he was hiding.
Finished on December 31, 2014 die NATO their combat mission in Afghanistan, however, kept 12,500 foreign soldiers, including 9,800 Americans in the country, to train Afghan forces and conduct counter-terrorism operations, according to Reuters.
While die The security situation deteriorated significantly with the expansion of the Taliban uprising, ISIS also became active in the country at the beginning of 2015.
In addition, US President Donald Trump announced on August 21, 2017 that die U.S. forces until further notice in Afghanistan would remain and sent reinforcements of thousands of soldiers.
In April 2017, the US military dropped die Biggest non-nuclear bomb falling die it has ever used in its combat operations, die known as the “mother of bombs”. It targeted ISIS locations, which include a network of tunnels and caves in the east, killing 96 terrorists.
In mid-November of the same year, 3,000 soldiers arrived to die To support armed forces stationed in the country on top of the 11,000 in the country. The bloody attacks, especially against Afghan forces and die United States, however, doubled against increased air strikes die Insurgents.
Talks then a milestone deal
In the summer of 2018, Washington and representatives of the Taliban began secret talks, in those die United States requested that die Taliban prevent the country from being used as a safe haven for terrorist groups, including Al Qaeda, and die Talks were then due several times to attacks on US forces.
Signed on February 29, 2020 die United States and die Taliban signed a historic agreement that saw the full withdrawal of foreign forces by May 2021 in exchange for security guarantees and pledges by the Taliban to negotiate with the Kabul government and reduce violence.
Until US President Joe Biden on April 14, 2021, the withdrawal of the 2,500 still in American soldiers living in Afghanistan until September 11, the twentieth anniversary of the September 2001 attacks, and on the 29th of the same month began the coordinated withdrawal of NATO die Mission units “Resolute Support” in which they participated A total of 9,600 soldiers and 36 countries.
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