The contamination of a vast area with radioactive materials .. What is a dirty bomb?

A single phrase that has dominated the Western political scene in the last few hours, against the backdrop of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, is the “dirty bomb”.

After Moscow expressed its fears that Kiev would use that bomb against its forces, Western countries supporting Ukraine mobilized, denying these allegations and claiming that they were false.

What is that scary bomb?

But politics aside, what is that scary bomb? And why is she called by that name?

The dirty bomb was designed to contaminate a vast area with radioactive material, making it dangerous to civilians, but it does not result in a nuclear explosion, the AFP reported.

They are a mixture of explosives, such as dynamite, with radioactive powder or shot. When dynamite or other explosives are detonated, the explosion carries radioactive material over a vast area

Different from the atomic bomb

However, it is not at all similar to the atomic bomb. These bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki decades ago shocked the world with their atrocities.

The explosion of a nuclear bomb occurs as a result of the splitting of atoms, and then huge amounts of energy are released which produce a huge atomic cloud that kills every living thing and is known as “mushrooms”.

As with a dirty bomb, dynamite or other explosives are used to disperse radioactive dust, smoke or any other substance in order to cause radioactive contamination.

Radiation that cannot be seen or smelled

But what are the main dangers of a dirty bomb?

The main danger is the explosion itself, which can cause severe injury and extensive material damage.

Although the radioactive materials used in a dirty bomb may not produce enough radioactive exposure to cause immediate serious illness, except for people who are very close to the explosion site, radioactive dust and distantly spread smoke can be hazardous to health if inhaled.

Perhaps the greatest danger is that this radiation cannot be seen, smelled, felt or tasted, so health centers generally recommend taking immediate protective measures, the most important of which is covering your nose and mouth and washing your hands immediately. if radiation contaminated materials are touched.

Conversely, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, food and water supplies are likely to remain safe.

However, it should be noted that any food or water that is not packaged or placed outdoors or near the accident scene may contain radioactive dust, so specialists are advised not to consume it.

Interestingly, since the launch of the Russian military operation on Ukrainian soil on February 24, international fears have intensified that the conflict will inevitably lead to pitfalls, especially when the Kremlin has issued successive threats to use nuclear weapons when it senses a threat.

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