The Israeli Knesset adopts an official definition of anti-Semitism

On Wednesday evening, the Israeli parliament approved a text adopting a definition of anti-Semitism proposed by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance.

“Today we made a historic decision” to adopt that definition, Knesset President Mickey Levy said in a note. He added that “the Knesset, in as the House of Representatives of the Jewish People, is committed to combating anti-Semitism in its worst forms … which includes denial of the Holocaust, denial of the Jewish people’s right to self-determination, as well as anti-Semitic statements under the cover of criticism to Israel. ”This definition, adopted to date by more than 30 countries around the world, identifies a series of behaviors that it considers anti-Semitic, first of which is Holocaust denial.

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According to this definition, “anti-Semitism is a specific perception of Jews that can manifest itself in hatred of them. The rhetorical and physical expressions of anti-Semitism target Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and / or their property, community institutions and places of worship “.

But those who reject this definition believe that it excludes a specific criticism of the State of Israel, since it includes in the category of anti-Semitism “the denial of the right of the Jewish people to self-determination”, which in their view means that it confuses anti-Zionism with the anti-Semitism. The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance denounces “the unequal way of dealing with the State of Israel, which requires behavior that is neither foreseen nor required by any other democratic country”. In his statement, the head of Kanbeit stressed that “anti-Semitism undermines the most fundamental democratic values ​​and it is necessary to fight them”, calling on parliaments around the world to “join the battle by embracing” this definition of anti-Semitism.