Table of Contents
The beginning of US-Korea relations dates back to the 19th century: in 1882, the United States of America concluded an agreement pacefriendship, trade and seafaring with the Korean counterpart during the Joseon period.
The following year, American diplomats settled down in Korea and diplomatic relations developed between the two sides as a result, before they broke down in 1910, in coinciding with the Japanese occupation of the Korean peninsula.
The end of the Korean War
With the end of World War II and the surrender of Japan, the Korean peninsula was divided in two halves, and while the northern half tended to ally with Moscow, the southern half preferred to reconnect with Washington and restore old relations with the United States of America.
Coinciding with the start of the North Korean invasion of South Korea in 1950, the United States of America and its allies did not hesitate to send large numbers of troops to support Seoul, and this war continued on the Korean peninsula for more than 3 years and ended in the deaths and injuries of more than two million people in coincidence with the demarcation The inter-Korean border is located at the 38th parallel north and creates a demilitarized border zone.
Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States of America and South Korea
With the signing of the armistice ending the Korean War at the end of July 1953, the political situation in East Asia changed considerably, with the establishment of communist regimes both in China that in North Korea, in coincided with the beginning of the French retreat in the Indochina war in the face of communist fighters, and because of this, South Korea turned into in one of the last strongholds of the United States of America and its allies in the region.
Faced with this situation, American officials tended to conclude a joint alliance and defense agreement with the South Koreans, and on October 1, 1953 in the American capital, Washington, South Korean Foreign Minister Pyon Yong-tae signed with his American counterpart John Foster Dulles .Dulles) Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States of America and South Korea.
Under the terms of this treaty, the two parties have agreed to settle all differences between them by peaceful means without resorting to violence and consultation in case in when one of them felt the existence of an external threat from a third party, and in addition to cooperation in the field of weapons development, the United States of America agreed to help South Korea and intervene on their behalf in event of an attack, which coincided with the permanent concentration of US forces in South Korea. Furthermore, this agreement included a clause allowing either side to withdraw from the same in any time, provided that the other party has been informed thereof in advance.
In addition, the mutual defense treaty between the United States and South Korea has had many repercussions, in addition to the increase in economic and trade cooperation between the two countries, the United States of America has been able to maintain 28,500 troops on South Korean soil, in Furthermore, this treaty helped protect South Korea for decades from a possible attack by its northern neighbor.
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