The sun unleashes a flurry of powerful solar flares, with more expected in the coming days

The sun fired at least eight solar flares on Wednesday, December 14, and more are expected to follow as a bright sunspot appears on our star’s surface.

A powerful M6-class solar flare caused a brief radio outage over the Atlantic Ocean at 1442 GMT on Wednesday, according to SpaceWeather.com.

Solar flares are bursts of electromagnetic radiation that travel at the speed of light. Those aimed at Earth reach our planet within eight minutes of leaving the Sun’s atmosphere.

THREE MORE M FRAMES: M6, M3 and M2, all from AR3165. This equates to 8 million outbreaks to date. They seem to get bigger, it’s an X flash in ready? Keep for updates. rice.twitter.com/pjpbRhfTYo

— Keith Strong (@drkstrong) December 14, 2022

X-flares are described as the strongest class of solar flares, followed by M-class flares, which describe most of the flares observed on Wednesday.

Solar flares are classified into five categories—A, B, C, M, and X—based on the intensity of the X-rays they emit, with each level being 10 times more intense than the previous category.

The strength of the event, called a solar flare, is given in each classification by a number from 1 to 9, which is also the strength factor of the event in each classification.

CME WATCH – 2022.12.14: Perhaps unsurprisingly, we had a lot of Events off southwest edge where all M outbreaks occurred (see earlier tweets). We’ve had 3 more since mine last post. But the eastern limb also was active, not quite as spectacular as in the west! rice.twitter.com/wytvXYmVxB

— Keith Strong (@drkstrong) December 15, 2022

Moderate flare M1.62
To follow live on https://t.co/3Xxrvc3cpArice.twitter.com/bBiXv7gV0O

— SpaceWeatherLive (@_SpaceWeather_) December 15, 2022

Wednesday’s flares startled solar physicists, some of whom commented on the light show via Twitter, including solar physicist Keith Strong, who pointed out that all of the solar flares recorded on Wednesday came from sunspot AR3165, an active region that recently emerged. on disk. visible sun.

Sunspots are darker, cooler regions in the lower layers of the Sun’s atmosphere where the Sun’s magnetic field lines are warped and worn.

Flames erupt from these areas as the magnetic lines break, releasing energy.

Solar flares are sometimes accompanied by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which are clouds of magnetized plasma that travel much slower than flares and reach Earth in three days.

Coronal mass ejections tend to further disrupt our technologically dependent world as they cause geomagnetic storms in the atmosphere when they interact with them.

These storms produce beautiful northern lights, but can also cause power outages and even knock satellites out of orbit.

So far, space weather forecasters have given no indication that any of the recent solar flares with coronal mass ejections could hit our planet.

The United Kingdom’s Space Weather Service, in its latest report released on 14 December, predicts low levels of solar activity in the coming days with the possibility of more M-class flares.

ALL 10M FLASHES FROM TODAY: Enjoy! rice.twitter.com/gisCAbfpu6

— Keith Strong (@drkstrong) December 15, 2022

According to the site weather.com, on December 15, there is a 75% chance of an M-class flare and a 15% chance of an X-class flare.

Source: Myspace