The United Nations envoy in Afghanistan, Deborah Lyons, warned in front of the Security Council on Wednesday that the economic crisis in this country “threatens to increase the risk of extremism”, noting that ISIS has spread to most of the Afghan provinces.
“The current situation threatens to increase the risks of extremism. The continuing deterioration of the formal economy will boost the informal economy, including illicit drugs, arms flows and human trafficking,” Lyons told 15 members. of the Security Council.
He added that “the current paralysis of the banking sector will force the financial system to deal more forcefully with irregular exchanges of informal money, which will only help facilitate terrorism, human trafficking and drug trafficking.”
The UN envoy warned that “these parasites will hit Afghanistan first, but then infect the region.”
Lyons also warned that the authority set up by the Taliban in Afghanistan in August has not yet been in able to reduce ISIS has expanded in this country.
Expansion of terrorists
“The other big negative development is the Taliban’s inability to crack down on ISIS expansion,” he said.
He explained that the terrorist organization, whose presence in Afghanistan in in the past it was “limited to a few provinces and in Kabul, now it is present in almost all provinces and is increasingly active “and its attacks” increased significantly between last year and quest’year”.
On the humanitarian front, the UN envoy warned that “we are on the verge of an avoidable humanitarian catastrophe”, noting that “up to 23 million Afghans will suffer from food insecurity”.
In a letter to the US Congress on Wednesday, the Taliban appealed to the United States to free the assets of the Central Bank of Afghanistan, which have been frozen since last August, amounting to nearly $ 9.5 billion.
The West requires the extremist movement to take concrete measures in terms of forming inclusive government and respect for human rights, in particular of the rights of women and girls, in order to ease the economic sanctions it imposes on Kabul.
In this context, Lyons told the Security Council that “the financial sanctions imposed on Afghanistan have paralyzed the banking system and affected all aspects of the economy”.
“The international community must urgently find a way to provide financial support to health workers, government hospitals and staff in food safety programs, as well as teachers, but only on condition that girls’ right to education is unequivocally guaranteed,” he added. .
education of girls
On this issue, Geraldine Byrne Nyssen, Ambassador of Ireland to the United Nations, lamented “the passage of 61 days of restrictions imposed by the Taliban on the education of girls in secondary schools”.
“Every day is an incredible loss to the future of Afghanistan. There is a generation of girls that I am private of education due to the fear and mistrust of some men. Every child has the right to education, regardless of gender “.
At the end of the session, he took note of the attack launched on the Taliban movement by the ambassador of Afghanistan to the United Nations, Ghulam Eshaqzai, appointed by the previous government and still today in charge because the international organization has not yet recognized the Taliban regime.
“The Taliban have not kept their promises and commitments to Afghans and the international community to alleviate the impact of the ‘current crisis’ and the suffering of the Afghan people,” said Eshaqzai.
He added that the militant movement “continues to challenge international calls for respect for the human rights of Afghans, for the formation of an inclusive government and for breaking ties with international terrorist groups”.
The Afghan diplomat stressed: “Furthermore, (the movement) continues to practice gender apartheid by preventing women from working and girls from attending secondary schools. This is something that cannot continue.”
Eshaqzai also denounced the Taliban’s repression of peaceful protests and the “revenge killing” of its citizens despite the movement’s “so-called amnesty” when it overthrew the government in Kabul.
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