War in Sudan: Over 2.5 Million People Displaced, Streets Filled with Dead Bodies
Reported Displacement and Dead Bodies
The war raged two months ago in Sudan between army and Rapid Support Forces has resulted in the displacement of over 2.5 million Sudanese, including internally displaced persons and refugees, mainly in Darfur, where the streets are littered with dead bodies, the United Nations reported on Tuesday.
On the last day of a widely observed lull in Khartoum since Sunday, a fire broke out at the capital’s intelligence headquarters on Tuesday evening.
An army source told AFP that rapid support forces “bombed the building”, in violation of an agreed 72-hour truce due to expire at 06:00 local time (04:00 GMT) on Wednesday.
A Rapid Support Forces source responded by saying, “An Army march bombed the building where members of the Rapid Support Forces were meeting” and indicated that the shelling “caused a fire and partial destruction of the intelligence headquarters”.
More than two thousand dead
The clashes in between the army led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the Rapid Support Forces led by General Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo resulted in more than two thousand deaths, according to estimates that experts believe are far lower than reality.
And if calm currently reigns in the capital Khartoum, then in El Geneina, the city hardest hit by the war and located in the Darfur region (west), scene of the fiercest clashes, the deserted streets are filled with corpses and the shops have been looted.
In an audio message posted on social media On Tuesday, Daglo, known as “Hemedti,” said that due to the “conflict between the tribal components of El Geneina, we have ordered our forces not to interfere.”
Daglo confirmed that he has “all the information on the arms operations carried out by the intelligence of the army and from all parties in the state, in order to ignite the discord”.
For days the inhabitants of El Geneina have been fleeing on foot in long lines, carrying whatever they can, hoping to reach Chad, 20 kilometers to the west.
Those fleeing the battlefield say they were shot and searched multiple times along the way.
According to Médecins Sans Frontières, “15,000 Sudanese, including nearly 900 injured, have fled to the town of Adreh in Chad under a barrage of gunfire from the army, rapid support forces, tribal fighters and armed civilians.”
“The violence has escalated and people live in constant fear of being targeted,” said Konstantinos Psikakos, MSF coordinator, upon his return from Adrej.
The United Nations confirms that more than 150,000 Sudanese refugees are now there in Chad.
“crimes against humanity”
The United Nations, the African Union and Igad have warned that the conflict “has by now acquired an ethnic dimension” with “attacks on identity”.
Even the United Nations speaks of the possibility of “crimes against humanity”.
Across Sudan, the number of displaced people has reached “two million”, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
For its part, the International Organization for Migration has counted more than half a million Sudanese refugees. He said that “550,000 people have fled to neighboring countries”.
During a meeting in Geneva on Monday, the international community pledged $1.5 billion in aid, which is half of what humanitarian organizations need, according to their estimates on the ground.
25 million people, more than half of Sudan’s population, depend on humanitarian aid to survive in a country that is sinking into destruction and violence at an “unprecedented” rate, according to the United Nations.
“Humanitarian needs have reached levels record in one moment in where there are no signs of an end to the conflict,” said Eddie Rao, director of the World Food Programme in Sudan.
At the start of the war, humanitarian organizations claimed to have received only 15% of the funds needed for their operations. And if the Geneva commitments are respected, these organizations will get half of what they ask for.
“The level of funding in Sudan is shameful,” says Alexander Kjerome of the Danish Refugee Council.
Adds that in Ukraine, after two months of war, “68% of the funds needed to deal with the crisis were available”.
On the ground, since Sunday morning, aerial and artillery bombardments have ceased in the capital, where millions of people live in high temperatures without electricity and often without water.
Corpses rotting in the scorching sun