Understanding Diabetes Insipidus: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options – Expert Insights from Dr. Kamila Tapieva

Increased Thirst: A Sign of Diabetes Insipidus

Understanding Diabetes Insipidus

Experiencing increased thirst could be a sign of disruptions in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, indicating a condition called diabetes insipidus. In this condition, the kidneys lose their ability to filter water and concentrate urine.

Insight from Dr. Kamila Tapieva

Dr. Kamila Tapieva, an endocrinologist and preventive medicine specialist, explained in an interview with Gazeta.Ru that diabetes insipidus is related to a deficiency or defect in the effect of the hormone vasopressin on the kidneys. Vasopressin, secreted by the hypothalamus and stored in the pituitary gland, plays a role in regulating the body’s water level and controlling the volume of water excreted by the kidneys.

Causes and Symptoms

According to Dr. Tapieva, there are various factors that can lead to a deficiency or defect in the functioning of vasopressin, including genetic disorders, brain injuries, surgical intervention, pituitary tumors, cerebrovascular disease, kidney disease, and certain infections. When vasopressin is unable to affect the required receptors, individuals may experience excessive thirst, consuming large quantities of fluids (ranging from 3 to 18 liters per day, and sometimes even up to 20-30 liters), and producing a significant amount of unconcentrated urine. The severity of the symptoms correlates with the degree of hormone deficiency, and if left untreated, it can lead to water and electrolyte imbalances, along with swelling and cramps.

Other Potential Causes of Excessive Thirst

Dr. Tapieva emphasizes that extreme thirst may also be an indicator of other serious health conditions, such as blood loss, diabetes, kidney and liver disease, viral infections or food poisoning, frequent vomiting, diarrhea, brain injuries, and burns. It can also be linked to psychological disorders.

Source: Gazeta.Ru

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