BRUSSELS/WASHINGTON, Sept. 13 (Reuters) – The United States and the European Union agree to cut emissions of the planet-warming gas methane towards the end met about a third of this decade and pushing other major economies to join them, according to documents seen by Reuters.
Their pact comes at a time when Washington and Brussels want to move other major economies forward of An world summit to tackle climate change in Glasgow, Scotland, in November, and can have a significant impact on the energy, agriculture and waste industries responsible for the biggest part of methane emissions.
The greenhouse gas methane, the largest cause of climate change after carbon dioxide (CO2), is facing more control as governments seek solutions to limit global warming up to 1.5 degrees, a goal of the Paris climate agreement.
In an effort to make the action a flying one start later this week, the United States and the EU will make a joint commitment to: reduce human-caused methane emission met at least 30% in 2030, compared met with 2020 levels, according to a concept of the Global Methane Promise seen by Reuters.
“The short atmospheric lifetime of methane means taking action now can be done quickly reduce the rate of global warming,” said the tour.
A separate document mentioned over two dozen countries that the United States and the EU will focus on: join the promise. They include major emitters such as China, Russia, India, Brazil and Saudi Arabia, as well as others including Norway, Qatar, Great Britain, New Zealand and South Africa.
The United States Department of State declined until comment and the European Commission did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the documents.
The deal would likely be revealed on Friday during a meeting of major emitting economies meant to recover support forward of the COP26 summit in Glasgow.
World leaders are under pressure from scientists, environmentalists and a growing popular sentiment to… commit until more ambitious action to combat climate change in Glasgow.
Methane has a higher heat- trapping potential than CO2 but it breaks down in the atmosphere faster, so “strong, fast and sustainable reductions” in methane emissions in in addition to reducing CO2 emissions, this can quickly have a climate impact, a fact highlighted by an Intergovernmental Panel report on Climate change last month.
Experts say the fossil fuel sector has the greatest potential to reduce methane emissions this decade from leaking pipelines of repair gas storage facilities, and many of die fixes can be put on the back burner cost.
However, satellite images and infrared images in In recent years, methane emissions have been found to spew out of oil and gas sites in countries including the EU, Mexico and the United States. read more
The United States and the EU must both propose laws this year to limit methane emissions.
The US and EU pledge would cover: key sources of methane emissions, including leaking oil and gas infrastructure, old coal mines, agriculture and waste such as landfills, the draft said.
To land die join the promise would commit to take domestic measures to jointly achieve the targeted methane reduction, “focus on standards to achieve all achievable reductions in the energy and waste sectors” and reducing agricultural emissions through “technology innovation, but also incentives and partnerships with farmers,” he said.
Reporting by Valerie Volcovici; Editing by Christopher Cushing, Leslie Adler and Sonya Hepinstall
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