What diet should be followed for ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the immune system attacks the intestinal lining.

A targeted diet for ulcerative colitis can help manage symptoms. People who have had surgery or who have ulcerative colitis may be given a diet low in waste or fiber to manage symptoms and reduce the burden of the disease.

The diet for ulcerative colitis is often unique to each person, so some medically supervised experimentation may be required to find a suitable eating pattern.

Diet for peptic ulcer of the colon: what to eat during an attack

The Canadian Society for Bowel Research defines “leftover” as solid matter that remains in the intestine after digestion to reduce the number of bowel movements per day. “Waste” includes fiber, which is limited to 10-15 grams per day, but a low-waste diet differs from a low-fiber diet by including foods that can stimulate frequent bowel movements, such as dairy, caffeine, alcohol, and hard or fatty foods. meat.

Dr. Deborah Lee of Dr. Fox’s Online Pharmacy recommends the following products for a low-slag diet:

Low-fiber fruits and vegetables, such as watermelon and bananas, as well as cooked fruits, lean proteins, such as white meat, eggs, and tofu, refined grains, such as white bread, white pasta, and oatmeal, and pitted and skins such as cucumbers, potatoes and zucchini.

A spokesperson for Crohn’s & Colitis UK says: “Fiber is important to your health so it’s important to talk to a nutritionist before cutting back. Stay hydrated, especially if you have severe diarrhea, drink plenty.” liquids, but avoid caffeine and alcohol. You can take oral rehydration salts, if you are losing a lot of fluid, you can buy them in pharmacies or supermarkets.”

Cooking can also break down some dietary fiber to make it more digestible, as shown in a study published in the Journal of Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, suggesting that the cooking process reduces the amount of insoluble dietary fiber in some vegetables.

Diet for Colon Ulcer: What to Avoid During an Attack

Research published in the journal Advances in Nutrition that a high-fat diet may increase intestinal permeability, which is already a problem for people with ulcerative colitis, a review in the Journal of Inflammatory Mediators suggests that the discomfort caused by ulcerative colitis in the intestinal wall may also increase intestinal permeability, thus reducing foods will also affect intestinal permeability.

A representative from Crohn’s & Colitis UK explains that there is no one size fits all approach to eating during a pain attack.

He adds: “No particular diet has been proven to help people with ulcerative colitis. Some people find that certain foods cause symptoms or episodes of pain and heartburn while others do not. Everyone is different, and what works for one person may not work. for another”. There is no one size fits all diet. While changing your diet may help you manage your symptoms, it does not replace treatment. Or see a nutritionist first.

“Foods that sometimes worsen symptoms include spicy or fatty foods, high-fiber foods, foods containing gluten, and dairy products. Caffeinated or alcoholic beverages,” the spokesperson adds.

elimination diet

According to Dr. Li, after an elimination diet, it will be easier for you to identify trigger foods. “This is done only under the supervision of a doctor,” she says. “The goal is to identify any foods that aggravate symptoms. Triggers can be foods high in fiber, foods containing lactose, certain types of sugar, such as sorbitol or mannitol , sweet foods such as cakes”. and baked goods, high-fat foods, alcohol and spicy foods.”

The Crohn & Colitis Foundation notes that levels of depression and anxiety are higher in people with IBD, so anything that can reduce stress in people with ulcerative colitis can be good for mental health management because these pre-planned meals are based on the needs of certain people. diets can make the daily experience of ulcerative colitis a little less stressful and more bearable.

Source: Living Science