US forces are developing a new warplane inspired by Soviet naval aircraft, which is a mixture of ships and aircraft in terms of features.
The Pentagon recently launched an invitation to military industries companies and contractors to obtain the required projects, in particularly the Soviet WIG aircraft, which was first produced by the Soviet Union in the 1960s.
Although the Soviet experience in producing this form of naval aircraft ended in disappointment, the US military believes that a new generation of sea-wing aircraft can be used to quickly transport troops, tanks and missiles across all. the oceans of the world, according to a report published by the American magazine Popular Mechanics.
A new class of vehicles
The US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the research and development arm of the Pentagon, launched the invitation with a request for information and projects via a website web of the United States government.
The text of the invitation stated that DARPA wished to receive plans and proposals to produce a “new class of vehicles”, in particular WIG wing effect vehicles in the wild.
The report explained that cargo ships, for example, can take weeks to reach a destination, while cargo planes are limited in size and require special or prefabricated runways.
“Flying sea monster”
The Soviet Union experimented extensively with WIGs during the Cold War period. One of the most famous examples of such vehicles is the Model Lun, which was 73 meters long and 20 meters high and had a wingspan of 44 meters, making it appropriate at the time to be described as a “flying sea monster”.
The Lun could carry 100 tons of troops and equipment at a maximum speed of 550 kilometers per hour for a range of 1,750 kilometers.
It was also armed with six P-270 Moskit anti-ship missiles and four 23mm automatic guns.
But the Soviet WIGs never took off, but rather operated in aarea very narrow, a few meters above the waves.
It turns out that if the WIG had started from thatarea, due to loss of lift or accidental contact with water, it would hit the ocean below at hundreds of miles per hour.
The Soviet Union’s enthusiasm for the vehicle faded during the Cold War, while the United States showed little interest in that moment.
Specifications that keep pace with the current era
DARPA’s recent interest in obtaining new design for WIG vehicles in the new era, in so that it can benefit from scientific development in the field of the ability to take off and land in water, and abandoning the runways of traditional aircraft, which would also help him land on islands and coasts without the need for facilities or airport runways.
DARPA has put in act a clause specifying who the boat must be in able to fly enough in high to avoid obstacles in the water.
More importantly, the well-designed new WIG-class aircraft must allow it to fly in stormy waters e in case of bad weather.
He also specified among the required specifications that the vehicle is in capable of carrying at least 100 tons of cargo and, for comparison, the C-17 Globemaster III military cargo plane has a payload of 141 tons.
The developer expects the new design WIG is a vehicle that supports floating bases in sea, connecting geographically disparate land bases on aarea very wide.
The new WIG aircraft is also sought to be a leader in the field of refueling operations in combat areas, assist in search and rescue missions in combat, can be used in amphibious warfare, can be used as a mothership for robotic vehicles and enter in long-distance patrol services in the Arctic. .
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